Exacerbation of pemphigus following Phellinus linteus ingestion

Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology (Impact Factor: 3.11). 04/2011; 25(4):492-3. DOI: 10.1111/j.1468-3083.2010.03746.x
Source: PubMed
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Acidic polysaccharides (PL) isolated from Phellinus linteus are known to stimulate the proliferation of T lymphocytes and humoral immune functions to act as a polyclonal activator of B cells, and to inhibit tumor growth and metastasis. However, little is known about their immunomodulating effects or the effects of its mechanisms on murine bone marrow (BM)-derived dendritic cells (DC). In this study, it profoundly increased CD80, CD86, MHC I, and MHC II expression in murine, GM-CSF and IL-4 stimulated, BM-derived myeloid DC. The ability of unstimulated DC to uptake dextran was higher than that of PL- or LPS-stimulated DC. We analyzed the concentration of IL-12 secreted by DC using flow cytometry and ELISA. Untreated DC secreted a low concentration of IL-12, while PL- or LPS-stimulated DC secreted higher levels of IL-12 than untreated DC. There were no remarkable differences in the concentrations of IL-12 produced by PL- or LPS-stimulated DC. However, polymyxin B (PB; an LPS inhibitor) effectively inhibited the surface molecules and IL-12 production induced by LPS, but had no effect on the PL in DC. PL-treated DC were much more potent antigen-presenting cells in allogeneic immune response than untreated DC. PL treatment not only formed morphologically mature DC but also induced predominant migration to lymphoid tissues. Moreover, the inhibitors of protein tyrosine kinase (PTK) or protein kinase C (PKC) significantly blocked the expression of surface molecules and IL-12 production in PL-stimulated DC. Treatment of DC with PL directly induced PKC activity and phosphorylated PTK. Furthermore, CD11b and/or CD18 partially mediated PL-induced DC maturation.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 01/2004; 312(2):449-58. DOI:10.1016/j.bbrc.2003.10.136 · 2.28 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Polysaccharide was purified from mycelial culture of Phellinus linteus (PL) and its effect on immunocompetence of normal splenocytes was observed. Overall in vitro immune function was enhanced by addition of PL into culture of mouse spleen lymphocyte and i.p. injection into mouse, while beta-glucans and other polysaccharides only raised the level of T lymphocyte-mediated immunity. PL stimulated immune functions of T lymphocytes, such as proliferation of T lymphocyte induced by mixed lymphocytes reaction and cytotoxicity of cytotoxic T cells responding to alloantigen. Nonspecific immune functions mediated by natural killer cells and macrophages were increased by treatment of PL in vivo and in vitro. PL also stimulated humoral immune function positively, such as T-dependent and T-independent primary antibody response, and acted as a polyclonal activator on B cell. PL exhibited a wider range of immunostimulation and antitumor activity than other polysaccharides isolated from Basidiomycetes.
    International Journal of Immunopharmacology 06/1996; 18(5):295-303. DOI:10.1016/0192-0561(96)00028-8
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this survey was to obtain information on the prevalence, costs, and patterns of use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) in a general population in the Republic of Korea. In 2006, we conducted nationwide and population-weighted personal interviews with 6,021 adults ranging from 30 to 69 yr of age; the final sample consisted of 3,000 people with a 49.8% response rate. In addition to their general socio-demographics, the respondents were asked about their use of CAM during the previous 12-month period, costs, sources of information, and reasons for use. The prevalence of use overall was 74.8%, while biologically based CAM therapies were the most likely type of use (65.4%). The median annual out-of-pocket expenditures for CAM therapies was about US$203. The primary reason for using CAM was for disease prevention and health promotion (78.8%). The main source of advice about CAM therapies use was most likely to be from family and friends (66.9%). Our study suggests that CAM use has been and continues to be very popular in South Korea. Conventional western medical doctors and governments should obtain more evidence and become more interested in CAM therapies.
    Journal of Korean medical science 03/2009; 24(1):1-6. DOI:10.3346/jkms.2009.24.1.1 · 1.25 Impact Factor