Article

Exacerbation of pemphigus following Phellinus linteus ingestion

Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology (Impact Factor: 3.11). 04/2011; 25(4):492-3. DOI: 10.1111/j.1468-3083.2010.03746.x
Source: PubMed
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    ABSTRACT: Acidic polysaccharides (PL) isolated from Phellinus linteus are known to stimulate the proliferation of T lymphocytes and humoral immune functions to act as a polyclonal activator of B cells, and to inhibit tumor growth and metastasis. However, little is known about their immunomodulating effects or the effects of its mechanisms on murine bone marrow (BM)-derived dendritic cells (DC). In this study, it profoundly increased CD80, CD86, MHC I, and MHC II expression in murine, GM-CSF and IL-4 stimulated, BM-derived myeloid DC. The ability of unstimulated DC to uptake dextran was higher than that of PL- or LPS-stimulated DC. We analyzed the concentration of IL-12 secreted by DC using flow cytometry and ELISA. Untreated DC secreted a low concentration of IL-12, while PL- or LPS-stimulated DC secreted higher levels of IL-12 than untreated DC. There were no remarkable differences in the concentrations of IL-12 produced by PL- or LPS-stimulated DC. However, polymyxin B (PB; an LPS inhibitor) effectively inhibited the surface molecules and IL-12 production induced by LPS, but had no effect on the PL in DC. PL-treated DC were much more potent antigen-presenting cells in allogeneic immune response than untreated DC. PL treatment not only formed morphologically mature DC but also induced predominant migration to lymphoid tissues. Moreover, the inhibitors of protein tyrosine kinase (PTK) or protein kinase C (PKC) significantly blocked the expression of surface molecules and IL-12 production in PL-stimulated DC. Treatment of DC with PL directly induced PKC activity and phosphorylated PTK. Furthermore, CD11b and/or CD18 partially mediated PL-induced DC maturation.
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    ABSTRACT: Polysaccharide was purified from mycelial culture of Phellinus linteus (PL) and its effect on immunocompetence of normal splenocytes was observed. Overall in vitro immune function was enhanced by addition of PL into culture of mouse spleen lymphocyte and i.p. injection into mouse, while beta-glucans and other polysaccharides only raised the level of T lymphocyte-mediated immunity. PL stimulated immune functions of T lymphocytes, such as proliferation of T lymphocyte induced by mixed lymphocytes reaction and cytotoxicity of cytotoxic T cells responding to alloantigen. Nonspecific immune functions mediated by natural killer cells and macrophages were increased by treatment of PL in vivo and in vitro. PL also stimulated humoral immune function positively, such as T-dependent and T-independent primary antibody response, and acted as a polyclonal activator on B cell. PL exhibited a wider range of immunostimulation and antitumor activity than other polysaccharides isolated from Basidiomycetes.
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