The clinico-hematological profile of hairy cell leukaemia: a single centre experience
ABSTRACT The response rates and overall survival of hairy cell leukemia has changed remarkably with cladribine. Twenty patients diagnosed as hairy cell leukemia over a 5 year period were evaluated. Median age of the patients was 52.5 years. Splenomegaly was seen in 85% and hepatomegaly in 50% patients. At presentation, pancytopenia was seen in 45% and bicytopenia in 20% patients. Tartrate resistant acid phosphatase was positive in 73.68%. Cladribine was given in 13 patients. Overall survival was 84.6%. Median duration of follow-up was 17 months (4-108 months). Direct Coombs' test positive autoimmune hemolytic anemia was seen in two patients (15.38%) on cladribine therapy who required treatment with steroids.
SourceAvailable from: Prabhu Manivannan[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Hairy cell leukemia (HCL) is characterized by pancytopenia and usually associated with massive splenomegaly, however the same may not be true in the clinical settings. Here we report four cases of HCL and all of them were without the classical clinical feature of splenomegaly. This is an observational study conducted between January 2013 to March 2014 where we could diagnose ten cases of HCL in Department of Hematology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi. Of these, four cases attracted attention because of absence of classical clinical features of HCL. Of the four cases, three presented with weakness/fatigability while fourth patient presented with recurrent respiratory tract infection. Surprising finding in these cases was absence of splenomegaly, both clinically and on imaging which demerit the suspicion of HCL clinically. All four had bi/pancytopenia and bone marrow examination coupled with immunophenotypic analysis confirmed the diagnosis of HCL. Three patients received chemotherapy with cladribine and achieved complete hematological remission. One patient did not receive chemotherapy due to poor general condition and was subsequently lost to follow up. To conclude, HCL can and do present without splenomegaly and this should not restrain one from suspecting HCL based on histomorphology which needs to be further confirmed by ancillary techniques. This finding in our series could be because these cases were picked early in their natural course of the disease. A high index of suspicion is essential for diagnosing and appropriately managing such casesIndian Journal of Hematology and Blood Transfusion 08/2014; 30. DOI:10.1007/s12288-014-0442-9 · 0.25 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: This study aimed to analyze the distribution of lymphoid neoplasms in a single tertiary care center in India using the World Health Organization (WHO) 2008 classification. Histological material of 5115 patients with histopathological diagnosis of lymphoma, diagnosed over a period of 10 years (2001-2010), was analyzed retrospectively. Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) constituted 21.3% (n = 1089) and non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHLs) constituted 78.7% (n = 4026). Of these, B-cell neoplasms accounted for 78.6% (n = 3166) and T-cell/natural killer (NK)-cell neoplasms 20.2% (n = 815) of the NHLs. The commonest subtype of NHL was diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (n = 1886, 46.9%). The frequency of peripheral T-cell/NK-cell lymphomas in this study was higher than in the Western literature but less than the frequency documented in some Asian countries. Similar to the Western literature but in contrast to previous Indian studies, peripheral T-cell lymphoma, not otherwise specified (PTCL NOS) (n = 238) was the commonest histological subtype of T-cell/NK-cell NHL in this study and constituted 5.9% of the total NHLs. Mixed cellularity (MC-CHL) (n = 488, 45%) was the major subtype of HL. Primary extranodal lymphoma (ENL) accounted for 32.8% (n = 1321) of all NHLs and most frequently involved the gastrointestinal tract. This study also documents the frequency of many rare types of lymphoma in South India.Leukemia & lymphoma 09/2012; 54(5). DOI:10.3109/10428194.2012.729056 · 2.61 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Hairy cell leukemia is a rare lymphoid neoplasm arising from mature B-lymphocytes. Clinically, the disease presents with splenomegaly and abdominal discomfort, frequent infections, fatigue and bleeding because of related cytopenias. Bone marrow biopsy is essential for diagnosis. Below we describe a case of a 70-year-old African-American male who presented to our hematology clinic complaining of fatigue. Clinical exam and computed tomography imaging did not reveal splenic enlargement. Blood work-up revealed pancytopenia and bone marrow was diagnostic for hairy cell leukemia.The patient was started on cladribine, with gradual improvement of his symptoms and blood count abnormalities. Therefore, it is essential to keep hairy cell leukemia in the differential of pancytopenia even in the absence of a splenomegaly.02/2014; 2014:354810. DOI:10.1155/2014/354810