Contribution of TARDBP to Alzheimer's Disease Genetic Etiology

Neurodegenerative Brain Diseases Group, Department of Molecular Genetics, VIB, Antwerpen, Belgium.
Journal of Alzheimer's disease: JAD (Impact Factor: 4.15). 01/2010; 21(2):423-30. DOI: 10.3233/JAD-2010-100198
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The nuclear transactive response (TAR) DNA binding protein-43, TDP-43, is a major constituent of the ubiquitinated neuronal inclusions in patients with frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD) and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Missense mutations in TDP-43 have been associated with familial and sporadic ALS. Since TDP-43 immunoreactivity was also frequently observed in Alzheimer's disease (AD) brains and elevated TDP-43 plasma levels were detected in a subset of AD patients, we sequenced the TDP-43 gene, TARDBP, in a well-documented group of AD patients (n=485). We observed one mutation in exon 3 (c.269C>T) predicting a p.Ala90Val substitution in two patients. One extra p.Ala90Val carrier was observed by sequencing exon 3 of an additional set of 254 AD patients. The mutation was absent from 604 control individuals. Allele and haplotype analysis using microsatellite markers suggested that the three patients might share a common founder. However, co-segregation of p.Ala90Val with AD could not be realized leaving its pathogenic unclear at this moment. Also, sequencing in 190 additional AD patients of TARDBP exon 6 in which pathogenic mutations have been reported in FTLD and ALS was negative. Further, genetic association analyses using five single nucleotide polymorphisms did not detect significant differences between AD patients and control individuals. In conclusion, the genetic contribution of TARDBP to AD was restricted to the rare mutation p.Ala90Val (3/739, 0.4%) of unclear pathogenic nature that affects the nuclear localization signal in TDP-43.

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    • "Furthermore, the distribution of the TDP-43-positive aggregates is disease-specific with, for example, involvement of spinal cord motor neurons in ALS and a more widespread distribution in the brain in FTLD [12]. Mutations in TARDBP are unique to ALS and are not found in other neurodegenerative disorders [28, 168, 192] with the exception of a small number of FTD cases [18, 23, 24, 34, 35, 38, 111, 145]. "
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    ABSTRACT: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disease characterized by the aggregation of ubiquitinated proteins in affected motor neurons. Recent studies have identified several new molecular constituents of ALS-linked cellular aggregates, including FUS, TDP-43, OPTN, UBQLN2 and the translational product of intronic repeats in the gene C9ORF72. Mutations in the genes encoding these proteins are found in a subgroup of ALS patients and segregate with disease in familial cases, indicating a causal relationship with disease pathogenesis. Furthermore, these proteins are often detected in aggregates of non-mutation carriers and those observed in other neurodegenerative disorders, supporting a widespread role in neuronal degeneration. The molecular characteristics and distribution of different types of protein aggregates in ALS can be linked to specific genetic alterations and shows a remarkable overlap hinting at a convergence of underlying cellular processes and pathological effects. Thus far, self-aggregating properties of prion-like domains, altered RNA granule formation and dysfunction of the protein quality control system have been suggested to contribute to protein aggregation in ALS. The precise pathological effects of protein aggregation remain largely unknown, but experimental evidence hints at both gain- and loss-of-function mechanisms. Here, we discuss recent advances in our understanding of the molecular make-up, formation, and mechanism-of-action of protein aggregates in ALS. Further insight into protein aggregation will not only deepen our understanding of ALS pathogenesis but also may provide novel avenues for therapeutic intervention. Electronic supplementary material The online version of this article (doi:10.1007/s00401-013-1125-6) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
    Acta Neuropathologica 05/2013; 125(6). DOI:10.1007/s00401-013-1125-6 · 10.76 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Mutations in TAR DNA-binding protein (TARDBP) are associated with heterogenic phenotypes, including amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, frontotemporal dementia, and Parkinson's disease. In this study, we investigated the presence of TARDBP mutations in a cohort of 429 Dutch patients with Parkinson's disease. Though we detected 1 silent mutation, p.S332S, no missense mutations were present in our cohort. Our findings, therefore, demonstrate that TARDBP mutations do not appear to contribute to the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease in The Netherlands.
    Neurobiology of aging 10/2012; 34(5). DOI:10.1016/j.neurobiolaging.2012.09.013 · 5.01 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Recently, mutations in the TARDBP gene encoding the TAR DNA-binding protein 43 (TDP-43) have been identified in some familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and sporadic ALS patients. The phenotype and frequency of TARDBP mutation carriers reportedly varies greatly among European populations. Objective: To define the phenotypic spectrum of TARDBP mutations and their frequency in a Swiss population. Methods: A total of 225 patients diagnosed with ALS (182 sporadic cases, 43 familial cases) were screened for TARDBP mutations. All patients were carefully examined and interviewed for a familial predisposition. Except for 1 patient who was followed at the University of Geneva, all patients were followed at the Kantonsspital St. Gallen. Results: 43 patients (19.5%) had a definite family history for ALS. A TARDBP mutation was identified in 4 of these (9.3%). Two female ALS patients carried the p.Asn352Ser mutation. Both had limb onset and a slowly progressive course of the disease. A novel mutation (p.Gly376Asp) was identified in a 44-year-old female patient. Survival amongst affected family members varied between 6 and 18 months. The patient and also the other siblings affected with ALS had an accessory nipple. A fourth male patient carried the p.Ala90Val mutation. None of the patients had overt cognitive impairment. TARDBP mutations were not found among patients with sporadic forms of ALS. Conclusion: In this Swiss population, the frequency of familial ALS is higher than reported earlier in other populations. The novel p.Gly376Asp TARDBP mutation is associated with rapid disease progression and may be associated with an accessory nipple while the p.Asn352Ser mutation is associated with slow disease progression.
    Neurodegenerative Diseases 01/2013; 12(3). DOI:10.1159/000345835 · 3.51 Impact Factor
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