Parenting style, religiosity, peers, and adolescent heavy drinking
ABSTRACT The purpose of this research was to examine whether authoritative, authoritarian, indulgent, and neglectful parenting styles were associated with adolescent alcohol use and heavy drinking, after controlling for peer use, religiosity, and other relevant variables. Structural equation modeling was used to estimate direct and indirect associations of parenting style with alcohol use and heavy drinking among 4,983 adolescents in Grades 7-12.
Adolescents whose parents were authoritative were less likely to drink heavily than adolescents from the other three parenting styles, and they were less likely to have close friends who used alcohol. In addition, religiosity was negatively associated with heavy drinking after controlling for other relevant variables. Authoritative parenting appears to have both direct and indirect associations with the risk of heavy drinking among adolescents. Authoritative parenting, where monitoring and support are above average, might help deter adolescents from heavy alcohol use, even when adolescents have friends who drink. In addition, the data suggest that the adolescent's choice of friends may be an intervening variable that helps explain the negative association between authoritative parenting and adolescent heavy drinking.
03/2014; 45(2):119-128. DOI:10.1080/19325037.2013.875963
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ABSTRACT: Parenting styles influence youth’s overall well-being and behaviors. Few studies have examined the effects of parenting styles on alcohol use among Hispanic youth. Although the field of alcohol prevention has made progress in recent years, most prevention initiatives lack the capability to directly address the special needs of this high-risk population. The primary aim of our study was to examine the relationship of recent alcohol use, binge drinking (past 30 days) and authoritative parenting among Hispanic youth. We conducted a secondary data analysis of the 2012 National Survey on Drug Use and Health data in the present study. All Hispanic participants from 12 to 17 years of age (N = 3,457) completed the valid and reliable survey in the privacy of their own homes. The university-based Institutional Review Board granted approval to conduct this study. A total of 13.8 % of Hispanic youth reported recent alcohol use, and 8.0 % of these participants reported binge drinking. Hispanic youth who reported having low authoritative parenting was at significantly increased odds for reporting both recent alcohol use and binge drinking. Specifically, Hispanic youth with low authoritative parenting that were at increased risk for reporting alcohol use included males, females, the age group 14–15 years, and the age group 16–17 years compared to their counterparts with high authoritative parenting. Results from our study can be used to assist prevention specialists in more thoroughly understanding the protective influence authoritative parenting has on Hispanic youth involvement in alcohol use.Journal of Child and Family Studies 01/2014; DOI:10.1007/s10826-014-9996-2 · 1.42 Impact Factor