Triterpenoids from the leaves of Toona ciliata
ABSTRACT One new limonoid, toonaciliatone A (1), and one new tirucallane-type triterpenoid, toonaciliatine A (4), along with three known compounds, methyl-3beta-acetoxy-1-oxomelic-14(15)-enate (2), perforin A (3), and cholest-14-ene-3,7,24,25-tetrol-21,23-epoxy-21-methoxy-4,4,8-trimethyl-3-(3-methyl-2-butenoate) (5), were isolated from the leaves of Toona ciliata. The structures of the new compounds were established by spectroscopic methods.
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ABSTRACT: Toona sinensis has been shown to have anti-proliferative effects on several human cancer cell lines. In the present study, we used two clear cell types of renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) cell lines to study the anti-tumour effect of the T. sinensis leaf extract (TSL-1). TSL-1 was shown to be cytotoxic to ccRCC cells in a concentration- and time-dependent manner. We found that treatment with TSL-1 induced apoptotic characteristics, reactive oxygen species accumulation, and mitochondrial membrane potential reduction in ccRCC cells. Furthermore, treatment with TSL-1 increased the expression of activated caspase-3, -7, -9, and cleaved PARP. TSL-1 also caused cytochrome c release from mitochondria and down-regulation of Bcl-2 and heat shock proteins. We suggest that the TSL-1-induced cytotoxic effects may be due to quercetin, gallic acid, and tannic acid. Taken together, the present study suggests that TSL-1 induces apoptosis in ccRCC cell lines by activating mitochondrial-dependent caspases and inhibiting anti-apoptotic proteins.Journal of Functional Foods 03/2014; 7. DOI:10.1016/j.jff.2014.01.024 · 4.48 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Three new limonoids (toonaciliatins N-P, 1-3)and four new pimaradiene-type diterpenoids(toonacilidins A-D, 4-7) were isolated from the leaves and twigs of Toona ciliata Roem. var. yunnanensis.Their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic methods. Toonacilidin B(5)showed moderate inhibitory activity against H. pylori-SS1 with an MIC of 50 μg/mL.Planta Medica 04/2011; 77(14):1617-22. DOI:10.1055/s-0030-1270969 · 2.34 Impact Factor
- Chemical Reviews 09/2011; 111(11):7437-522. DOI:10.1021/cr9004023 · 45.66 Impact Factor