Article

Inguinal herniation of a transplant ureter

Department of Surgery, University of California, San Francisco Medical Center, San Francisco, California 94143, USA.
Kidney International (Impact Factor: 8.52). 07/2010; 78(1):115. DOI: 10.1038/ki.2010.65
Source: PubMed

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Available from: Anobel Y Odisho, Jun 10, 2015
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    ABSTRACT: Herniation of the ureter after kidney transplant is a rare and under documented event. Many of these herniations are due to abdominal wall defects or ureteral redundancy. After an extensive review of available literature, there has not been a reported case of a femoral herniation of ureter after kidney transplant. We report a case of late allograft renal transplant failure due to ureteral obstruction secondary to femoral herniation of the ureter. We report a case of 64 year old male with a history of kidney transplant, who was found to have an inguinal bulge. He was diagnosed with a femoral hernia containing transplant ureter using transplant kidney ultrasound and CT of the abdomen and pelvis. Subsequently he developed transplant kidney failure due to obstructive uropathy from the femoral hernia. The patient underwent a femoral hernia repair with biologic mesh. Compromised ureter was excised and a neoureterocystostomy was created. Post operatively his creatinine returned to baseline. In our literature search there are two types of inguinal ureteral hernias described. Paraperitoneal, which makes up the majority of the cases, and extraperitoneal. There are no classifications for ureteral femoral hernias. We may extract these definitions to femoral hernias, as evidenced by our case where we encountered a paraperitoneal femoral hernia containing transplant kidney ureter. To the best of our knowledge this is the first reported case of a femoral ureter hernia. Due to its rarity in the literature, an understanding of management is critical to patient outcome. Copyright © 2015 Z. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.
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    ABSTRACT: Ureteral obstruction is relatively common after renal transplantation. A rare cause is the inguinal herniation of the transplant ureter. We report a case of late allograft renal transplant failure due to ureteral herniation as well as ureterovesical junction stenosis.
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    ABSTRACT: Inguinal herniation of ureter is an uncommon finding that can potentially lead to obstructive uropathy. We report a case of inguinal herniation of ureter discovered incidentally during workup for acute renal failure and ultrasound finding of hydronephrosis.
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