Peer Reviewed: Putting Physical Activity Where It Fits in the School Day: Preliminary Results of the ABC (Activity Bursts in the Classroom) for Fitness Program

Yale-Griffin Prevention Research Center, 130 Division St, Derby, CT 06418, USA.
Preventing chronic disease (Impact Factor: 2.12). 07/2010; 7(4):A82.
Source: PubMed


Despite well-documented evidence that physical activity is beneficial to children, average fitness levels of US children have declined. Lack of physical activity has been associated with childhood obesity. We evaluated the effects of a physical activity program in the elementary school classroom on health outcomes.
Three schools in the Independence School District in Independence, Missouri, were assigned to receive the ABC (Activity Bursts in the Classroom) for Fitness program, and 2 comparable schools served as controls. The program, led by classroom teachers, provides multiple, brief, structured physical activity breaks throughout the day. Baseline data for the study were collected in September 2007, and follow-up data were collected in April 2008.
Physical fitness measures of upper-body strength, abdominal strength, and trunk extensor improved (P <.001). Medication use for asthma (P = .03), attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (P = .07), or either medication combined (P = .005) decreased.
The effects of the program on daily physical activity, fitness, and measures of health are beneficial.

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Available from: Judith A Treu, Apr 10, 2014
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    • "Physically active children are reported to have better academic performance (Castelli, Hillman, Buck, & Erwin, 2007). Katz et al. (2010) observed that children with ADHD who performed physical exercises in class had reductions in the medications taken for ADHD. "
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: Studies have suggested that even a single session of physical exercise enhances executive functions. ADHD is among the most common developmental disorders in childhood, but little is known about alternative treatments for this disorder. Therefore, we performed a systematic review of the literature to analyze articles that evaluated the executive functions of children with ADHD after an acute exercise session. Method: We reviewed articles indexed in the PubMed, American Psychiatric Association (APA) psychNET, Scopus, and Web of Knowledge databases between 1980 and 2013. Results: Of 231 articles selected, only three met the inclusion criteria. Conclusion: Based on these 3 articles, we concluded that 30 min of physical exercise reportedly improved the executive functions of children with ADHD. Due to the small number of articles selected, further studies are needed to confirm these benefits.
    Journal of Attention Disorders 03/2014; DOI:10.1177/1087054714526041 · 3.78 Impact Factor
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    • "Also, regular physical activity promotes cognitive, social, and emotional development (Best, 2010) and deep-breathing exercises (e.g., yoga or other) improve well-being and mental functioning (Peck, Kehle, Bray, & Theodore, 2005; Stueck & Gloeckner, 2005). For example, a program developed for school-age children at Yale University, ABC for Fitness (Katz et al., 2010), creates opportunities for brief bursts of physical activity such as jumping jacks or running in place every 60 minutes during school hours. Documented changes include not only lowering of obesity, increasing physical fitness, and improving academic performance, but also lowering of medications such as those for asthma and ADHD. "
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    ABSTRACT: Children and youth who have experienced foster care or orphanage-rearing have often experienced complex developmental trauma, demonstrating an interactive set of psychological and behavioral issues. Trust-Based Relational Intervention (TBRI) is a therapeutic model that trains caregivers to provide effective support and treatment for at-risk children. TBRI has been applied in orphanages, courts, residential treatment facilities, group homes, foster and adoptive homes, churches, and schools. It has been used effectively with children and youth of all ages and all risk levels. This article provides the research base for TBRI and examples of how it is applied.
    Child & Youth Services 10/2013; 34(4):360-386. DOI:10.1080/0145935X.2013.859906
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    • "Improves academic performance (Donnelly et al., 2009) Improve fitness levels (Katz et al., 2010) Helps students be more on-task (especially the least on-task students) "
    05/2013; Iowa Department of Education.
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