Maruyama T, Kono K, Mizukami Y, Kawaguchi Y, Mimura K, Watanabe M, Izawa S, Fujii HDistribution of Th17 cells and FoxP3(+) regulatory T cells in tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes, tumor-draining lymph nodes and peripheral blood lymphocytes in patients with gastric cancer. Cancer Sci 101: 1947-1954

First Department of Surgery, University of Yamanashi, Yamanashi, Japan.
Cancer Science (Impact Factor: 3.52). 09/2010; 101(9):1947-54. DOI: 10.1111/j.1349-7006.2010.01624.x
Source: PubMed


Although Th17 cells reportedly play critical roles in the development of autoimmunity and allergic reactions, information on Th17 cells in cancer-bearing hosts is still limited. In the present study, we investigated the distribution of Th17 cells in relation to regulatory T cells (Treg) in the tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs), regional lymph node lymphocytes, and peripheral blood lymphocytes of gastric cancer patients. Interleukin (IL)-17-producing CD4(+) cells as Th17 cells and CD4(+)CD25(+)FoxP3(+) cells as Treg were evaluated by flow cytometry and expressed as a percentage of the total CD4(+) cells, in addition to performing a Th1/Th2 balance assay. Moreover, immunohistochemical staining for IL-17 and FoxP3 were performed. In TILs from patients with early disease (n = 27), the frequency of Th17 cells was significantly higher than that in the normal gastric mucosa (23.7 ± 8.9 vs 4.5 ± 3.1%). In TILs from patients with advanced disease (n = 28), the frequency of Th17 cells was also significantly higher, but lower compared to early disease, than that in the normal gastric mucosa (15.1 ± 6.2 vs 4.0 ± 2.0%). This observation for Th17 cell-distribution was also confirmed by immunohistochemistry. When the ratio of Th17/Treg in TILs was evaluated in individual cases, it was more markedly increased in early than in advanced disease. In conclusion, the accumulation of Th17 cells as well as Treg in the tumor microenvironment of gastric cancer occurred in early disease and then the infiltration of Th17 cells gradually decreased according to the disease progression, in contrast to increased Treg.

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    • "It is shown that the proportion of TregFoxP3 and Th17 in CD4+ T cells increases in patients with tumors. Though they both increase, it is found in mouse models that TregFoxP3 increases more significantly than Th17 [7]. "
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction The aim of this study was to explore the relationships between TregFoxP3+ cells and Th17 cells and occurrence of lung cancer. Material and methods The proportions of TregFoxP3+ and Th17 cells, the expression of FoxP3 and RORγt mRNA, and the levels of related cell factors such as transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β), interleukin IL-17 (IL-17) and IL-23 were determined respectively by flow cytometry analysis, real-time-polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and ELISA in peripheral blood of 18 healthy people and 26 patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Results The levels of TregFoxP3+ and Th17, expression of FoxP3 and RORγt mRNA, and ratios of TregFoxP3+/Th17 and FoxP3/RORγt in peripheral blood with NSCLC were higher than those in healthy controls (p < 0.05). The proportion of Th17 cells from NSCLC patients was positively correlated with that of TregFoxP3+ (r = 0.81, p < 0.05). The receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve demonstrates that the increased level of TregFoxP3+/Th17 in the peripheral blood may be a useful indicator in early diagnosis of non-small cell lung carcinoma. The TregFoxP3+/Th17 and FoxP3/RORγt levels for patients in stage IV were higher than those of patients in stages I, II, and III (p < 0.05). The levels of TGF-β, IL-17, and IL-23 were higher in NSCLC patients than those in healthy controls. Conclusions The results suggest that ratios of Treg/Th17 correlate with the stage of NSCLC.
    Archives of Medical Science 05/2014; 10(2):232-9. DOI:10.5114/aoms.2014.42573 · 2.03 Impact Factor
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    • "The mechanisms, i.e. how the anti-tumor response is attenuated when the leukemic clone gains the advantage, remain unknown. Observations on the higher prevalence of Th17 cells in tumor tissue in early versus advanced clinical stages concerned solid tumors like ovarian [23], breast [24], and gastric [25] cancers where the Th17 cell percentages gradually decreased along with the progression of cancer. "
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    ABSTRACT: Th17 cells, a recently discovered subset of T helper cells that secrete IL-17A, can affect the inflammation process autoimmune and cancer diseases development. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of Th17 cells and IL17A in biology of CLL. The study group included 294 untreated CLL patients in different clinical stages. Here, we show that higher Th17 and IL-17A values were associated with less advanced clinical stage of CLL. Th17 cells' percentages in PB were lower in patients who died due to CLL during follow-up due to CLL (as compared to surviving patients) and in patients responding to first-line therapy with fludarabine-based regimens (as compared to non-responders). IL-17A inversely correlated with the time from CLL diagnosis to the start of therapy and was lower in patients who required treatment during follow-up. Th-17 and IL-17A values were lower in patients with adverse prognostic factors (17p and 11q deletion, CD38 and ZAP-70 expression). CLL patients with detectable IL-17A mRNA in T cells were in Rai Stage 0 and negative for both ZAP-70 and CD38 expression. Th17 percentages positively correlated with iNKT and adversely with Treg cells. The results of this study suggest that Th17 may play a beneficial role in CLL immunity.
    PLoS ONE 11/2013; 8(11):e78091. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0078091 · 3.23 Impact Factor
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    • "The cumulative affect resulted in both adjuvant-NP treatments inducing higher ratios of CD25 þ CD8 þ cells to T reg cells within the TDLN (Figs. 3K and 5K). Indeed, T reg cell frequencies and T reg /Th17 ratios within TDLNs correlate with colorectal cancer diagnosis [51] as well as gastric cancer stage [52]. Hence, TDLN-targeted treatment with adjuvant might be capable of modulating both the generation of effector responses and blunting tumor-induced regulatory responses. "
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    ABSTRACT: Accumulating evidence implicates the tumor-draining lymph node (TDLN) in tumor-induced immune escape, as it drains regulatory molecules and leukocytes from the tumor microenvironment. We asked whether targeted delivery of adjuvant to the TDLN, presumably already bathed in tumor antigens, could promote anti-tumor immunity and hinder tumor growth. To this end, we used 30 nm polymeric nanoparticles (NPs) that effectively target dendritic cells (DCs, CD11c(+)) within the lymph node (LN) after intradermal administration. These NPs accumulated within the TDLN when administered in the limb ipsilateral (i.l.) to the tumor or in the non-TDLN when administered in the contralateral (c.l.) limb. Incorporating the adjuvants CpG or paclitaxel into the NPs (CpG-NP and PXL-NP) induced DC maturation in vitro. When administered daily i.l. and thus targeting the TDLN of a B16-F10 melanoma, adjuvanted NPs induced DC maturation within the TDLN and reshaped the CD4(+) T cell distribution within the tumor towards a Th1 (CXCR3(+)) phenotype. Importantly, this also led to an increase in the frequency of antigen-specific CD8(+) T cells within the tumor. This correlated with slowed tumor growth, in contrast to unhindered tumor growth after c.l. delivery of adjuvanted NPs (targeting a non-TDLN) or i.l. delivery of free adjuvant. CpG-NP treatment in the i.l. limb also was associated with an increase in CD8(+)/CD4(+) T cell ratios and frequencies of activated (CD25(+)) CD8(+) T cells within the TDLN whereas PXL-NP treatment reduced the frequency of regulatory T (FoxP3(+) CD4(+)) cells in the TDLN. Together, these data implicate the TDLN as a delivery target for adjuvant therapy of solid tumors.
    Biomaterials 10/2013; 35(2). DOI:10.1016/j.biomaterials.2013.10.003 · 8.56 Impact Factor
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