Article

Purification and properties of trypsin-like enzyme from the midgut of Morimus funereus (coleoptera, cerambycidae) Larvae.

Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia.
Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology (Impact Factor: 1.16). 08/2010; 74(4):232-46. DOI: 10.1002/arch.20371
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Trypsin-like enzyme (TLE) from the anterior midgut of Morimus funereus larvae was purified by anion exchange chromatography and gel filtration chromatography and characterized. Specific TLE activity was increased 322-fold by purification of the crude midgut extract. The purified enzyme had a pH optimum of 9.0 (optimum pH range 8.5-9.5) and temperature optimum of 45 degrees C with the K(M) ratio of 0.065 mM for benzoyl-arginine-p-nitroanilide (BApNA). Among a number of inhibitors tested, the most efficient was benzamidine (K(I) value of 0.012 mM, Ic(50) value of 0.204 mM) while inhibition of TLE activity by SBTI, TLCK, and PMSF was partial. Almost all divalent cations tested enhanced the enzyme activity, amongst them Co2+ and Mn2+ stimulated TLE activity for 2.5 times. The purified TLE (after gel-filtration on Superose 12 column) had a molecular mass of 37.5 kDa with an isoelectric point over 9.3. Sodium dodecylsulphate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) revealed one band of 38 kDa, suggesting that the enzyme is a monomer.

1 Follower
 · 
125 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Two proteins with fibrinolytic activity were partially purified from yellow mealworm (Tenebrio molitor) by ammonium sulfate precipitation between 30 and 70% saturation, gel filtration on Sephacryl-S200-HR, ion exchange chromatography on DEAE-Sepharose-FF and metal chelate on Cu–HiTrap–IMAC–FF, but the enzymes had not been completely separated from each other. The two partially purified fibrinolytic enzymes were designated as TMFE-I and TMFE-II (Tenebrio molitor fibrinolytic enzyme) with molecular weights of 27.5 and 24.9 kDa by SDS-PAGE individually. The partially purified solution of TMFE-I and TMFE-II was considerably stable in the range of pH 5–10 and characterized by pH optimum of the enzymatic activity at 8.0. Thermal stability of TMFE was excellent at 45°C and below. The K M value was 0.26 mM for amidolysis of Bz–Arg–pNA. According to inhibitor analysis by fibrin plate method, phenylmethylsulfonyl fluoride and tosyl-lysine chloromethyl ketone inactivated TMFE almost completely, but trans-(epoxysuccinyl)-l-leucylamino-4-guanidinobutane (E-64) and EDTA had little effect on their fibrinolytic activity. According to metal ion analysis by fibrin plate method, the effect of metal ions on activity of TMFE showed a great difference. Na+, K+ and Zn2+ had little effect on the activity of TMFE. Mg2+ and Cu2+ showed inhibition effect on the fibrinolytic activity of TMFE, but Ca2+ increased the fibrinolytic activity of TMFE at final concentration varying from 0 to 30 mM.
    International Journal of Peptide Research and Therapeutics 06/2012; 18(2). DOI:10.1007/s10989-012-9288-x · 0.83 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A trypsin-like proteinase was purified and characterized in the midgut of Ectomyelois ceratoniae. A purification process that used Sepharyl G-100 and DEAE-cellulose fast flow chromatographies revealed a proteinase with specific activity of 66.7 μmol/min/mg protein, recovery of 27.04 and purification fold of 23.35. Molecular weight of the purified protein was found to be 35.8 kDa. Optimal pH and temperature were obtained 9 and 20°C for the purified trypsin proteinase, respectively. The purified enzyme was significantly inhibited by PMSF, TLCK, and SBTI as specific inhibitors of trypsins in which TLCK showed the highest inhibitory effect. Trypsin proteinase inhibitors were extracted from four varieties of pomegranate including Brait, Torsh-Sabz, May-Khosh, and Shirin by ion exchange chromatography. It was found that fractions 17-20 of Brait; fractions 18 and 21-26 of Torsh-Sabz; fractions 1-7, 11-17, and 19-21 of May-Khosh and fraction 8 for Shirin showed presence of trypsin inhibitor in these host. Comparison of their inhibitory effects on the purified trypsin proteinase of E. ceratoniae demonstrated that fractions from May-khosh variety had the highest effect on the enzyme among other extracted fractions. Characterization of serine proteinases of insects mainly trypsins is one of the promising methods to decrease population and damages via extracting their inhibitors and providing resistant varieties.
    Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology 01/2014; 85(1). DOI:10.1002/arch.21139 · 1.16 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: An insect trypsin-like enzyme with similar biochemical properties to psychrophilic analogs was purified from Chinese ground beetle (Eupolyphaga sinensis) for the first time. The purified trypsin-like enzyme was designated as E. sinensis trypsin-like enzyme (ESTL) with molecular weight of 22.8 kDa by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The maximal activity of ESTL was observed at pH 9.5, and the temperature optimum of ESTL was observed at 45C by its amidolytic effect on the substrate benzoyl-L-Arg-p-nitroanilide. The analysis of inhibitors showed that specific inhibitor of serine proteases (phenylmethanesulfonyl fluoride) and trypsin inhibitors (tosyl–lysine chloromethyl ketone, bovine pancreatic trypsin inhibitor and benzamidine) inactivated ESTL almost completely. Over the range of tested temperature of 10–30C, the catalytic efficiency (kcat/Km) of the ESTL was about five times than that of bovine trypsin. The N-terminal sequencing of ESTL revealed the following sequence: I1VGGSTTTIQ10NFPYQVSL, and the complementary DNA (cDNA) of ESTL was cloned by rapid amplification of cDNA ends. Practical ApplicationsIn recent years, increasing attention has been drawn to the psychrophilic (cold-adapted) enzymes. Psychrophilic trypsins with high activity may be interesting for several industrial applications of enzymes, such as in certain food-processing operations that require low-processing temperatures. For example, cod trypsin is already used in food production and cosmetics. In this article, a trypsin-like enzyme [Eupolyphaga sinensis trypsin-like enzyme (ESTL) ] was purified from Chinese ground beetle by a relatively simple method, and the complementary DNA (cDNA) of this enzyme was cloned by rapid amplification of cDNA ends. This enzyme was characterized for molecular and enzymatic properties, as demonstrated that it had high activity at low and moderate temperature compared with the mammalian trypsins, and maintained good thermal stability compared with psychrophilic trypsins. ESTL has potential interest in food industry.
    Journal of Food Biochemistry 11/2013; 38(3). DOI:10.1111/jfbc.12056 · 0.85 Impact Factor