Polarization-maintaining optical microfiber.

Optoelectronics Research Centre, University of Southampton, Southampton, SO17 1BJ, UK.
Optics Letters (Impact Factor: 3.18). 06/2010; 35(12):2034-6. DOI: 10.1364/OL.35.002034
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT We have successfully demonstrated a polarization-maintaining (PM) fused silica microfiber by adiabatically tapering a conventional PM fiber. Compared to standard single-mode microfibers, the proposed PM microfibers exhibit robust polarization, preserving characteristics under the presence of external perturbations, such as bending. A polarization-extinction ratio of 16 dB is typically obtained through the device with a corresponding excess loss of 0.2 dB.

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    ABSTRACT: Abstract In this paper, the refractive indices distributions on the two birefringent axes of polarization maintaining (PM) PANDA type optical fiber are reconstructed. The local refraction of the incident rays crossing the PM optical fiber is considered. Off-axis digital holographic interferometric phase shifting arrangement is employed in this investigation. The recorded mutual phase shifted holograms, starts with 0° with steps of π/4, are combined and numerically reconstructed in the image plane to obtain the optical interference phase map. Consequently, the optical phase differences due to the PM optical fiber are extracted after unwrapping and background subtraction of the enhanced optical interference phase map. The birefringence and the beat length in the two directions, fast and slow axes of PM optical fiber, of polarizations in the core region are calculated. This holographic technique and the advanced analysis of the phase shifting permit the calculation of the 3D refractive index distributions for PM PANDA optical fiber.
    Optical Fiber Technology 07/2014; 20(5). DOI:10.1016/j.yofte.2014.06.002 · 1.19 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Optical microfiber waveguides with diameters close to the wavelength of light possess an intriguing combination of properties, such a tight modal confinement, tailorable dispersion, and high nonlinearity, which have been utilized in many passive applications. Here, the key fabrication techniques and optical properties of microfibers are introduced, followed by a discussion of the various passive microfiber devices and sensors. Applications exploiting their strong confinement are reviewed, including harmonic generation, supercontinuum sources, gratings, tips for optical trapping and intracellular sensing and subwavelength light sources, as well as devices based on large evanescent fields such as couplers, interferometers, optical manipulators, sensors, and resonators. Furthermore, the properties and practical intricacies of manufacturing various microfiber resonators are evaluated, with a focus on their applications in sensing ranging from temperature monitoring to current, pressure, refractive index and chemicals detection.
    Laser & Photonics Review 05/2013; 7(3). DOI:10.1002/lpor.201200024 · 9.31 Impact Factor

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