Gene Expression Profile of BRCAness That Correlates With Responsiveness to Chemotherapy and With Outcome in Patients With Epithelial Ovarian Cancer

Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York, United States
Journal of Clinical Oncology (Impact Factor: 17.88). 08/2010; 28(22):3555-61. DOI: 10.1200/JCO.2009.27.5719
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To define a gene expression profile of BRCAness that correlates with chemotherapy response and outcome in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC).
A publicly available microarray data set including 61 patients with EOC with either sporadic disease or BRCA(1/2) germline mutations was used for development of the BRCAness profile. Correlation with platinum responsiveness was assessed in platinum-sensitive and platinum-resistant tumor biopsy specimens from six patients with BRCA germline mutations. Association with poly-ADP ribose polymerase (PARP) inhibitor responsiveness and with radiation-induced RAD51 foci formation (a surrogate of homologous recombination) was assessed in Capan-1 cell line clones. The BRCAness profile was validated in 70 patients enriched for sporadic disease to assess its association with outcome.
The BRCAness profile accurately predicted platinum responsiveness in eight out of 10 patient-derived tumor specimens, and between PARP-inhibitor sensitivity and resistance in four out of four Capan-1 clones. [corrected] When applied to the 70 patients with sporadic disease, patients with the BRCA-like (BL) profile had improved disease-free survival (34 months v 15 months; log-rank P = .013) and overall survival (72 months v 41 months; log-rank P = .006) compared with patients with a non-BRCA-like (NBL) profile, respectively. The BRCAness profile maintained independent prognostic value in multivariate analysis, which controlled for other known clinical prognostic factors.
The BRCAness profile correlates with responsiveness to platinum and PARP inhibitors and identifies a subset of sporadic patients with improved outcome. Additional evaluation of this profile as a predictive tool in patients with sporadic EOC is warranted.


Available from: Toshiyasu Taniguchi, Jul 18, 2014
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Mutations in the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes confer an increased lifetime risk for breast and ovarian cancer. Ovarian cancer risk can be decreased by risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy (RRSO). Studies on RRSO material have altered the paradigm of serous ovarian cancer pathogenesis. The purpose of this study was to identify candidate genes possibly involved in the pathogenesis of serous ovarian cancer by carrying out a microarray analysis of differentially expressed genes in BRCA1/2- mutation positive ovarian and fallopian tube epithelium derived from RRSO surgery. Freshly frozen ovarian and fallopian tube samples from nine BRCA1/2 mutation carriers scheduled for RRSO were prospectively collected together with five mutation-negative control patients undergoing salpingo-oophorectomy for benign indications. Microarray analysis of genome-wide gene expression was performed on ovarian and fallopian tube samples from the BRCA1/2 and control patients. The validation of microarray data was performed by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) in selected cases of RRSO samples and also in high grade serous carcinoma samples collected from patients with a BRCA phenotype. From 22,733 genes, 454 transcripts were identified that were differentially expressed in BRCA1/2 mutation carriers when compared with controls, pooling all ovarian and fallopian tube samples together. Of these, 299 genes were statistically significantly downregulated and 155 genes upregulated. Differentially expressed genes in BRCA1/2 samples reported here might be involved in serous ovarian carcinogenesis and provide interesting targets for further studies. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Genes Chromosomes and Cancer 02/2015; 54(5). DOI:10.1002/gcc.22241 · 3.84 Impact Factor
  • Source
    Future Oncology 02/2015; 11(4):557-559. DOI:10.2217/fon.14.268 · 2.61 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The treatment of epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is narrowly focused despite the heterogeneity of this disease in which outcomes remain poor. To stratify EOC patients for targeted therapy, we developed an approach integrating expression and genomic analyses including the BRCAness status. Gene expression and genomic profiling were used to identify genes recurrently (>5%) amplified and overexpressed in 105 EOC. The LST (Large-scale State Transition) genomic signature of BRCAness was applied to define molecular subgroups of EOC. Amplified/overexpressed genes clustered mainly in 3q, 8q, 19p and 19q. These changes were generally found mutually exclusive. In the 85 patients for which the genomic signature could be determined, genomic BRCAness was found in 52 cases (61.1%) and non-BRCAness in 33 (38.8%). A striking mutual exclusivity was observed between BRCAness and amplification/overexpression data. Whereas 3q and 8q alterations were preferentially observed in BRCAness EOC, most alterations on chromosome 19 were in non-BRCAness cases. CCNE1 (19q12) and BRD4 (19p13.1) amplification/overexpression was found in 19/33 (57.5%) of non-BRCAness cases. Such disequilibrium was also found in the TCGA EOC data set used for validation. Potential target genes are frequently amplified/overexpressed in non-BRCAness EOC. We report that BRD4, already identified as a target in several tumor models, is a new potential target in high grade non-BRCAness ovarian carcinoma. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. © 2015 UICC.
    International Journal of Cancer 04/2015; DOI:10.1002/ijc.29568 · 5.01 Impact Factor