Biomimetic amphiphiles: Properties and potential use
Center of Advanced Studies in Chemistry, Chemistry Department, Panjab University, Chandigarh 160014, India.Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology (Impact Factor: 1.96). 01/2010; 672:102-20. DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4419-5979-9_8
Surfactants are the amphiphilic molecules that tend to alter the interfacial and surface tension. The fundamental property related to the structure of surfactant molecules is their self-aggregation resulting in the formation of association colloids. Apart from the packing of these molecules into closed structures, the structural network also results in formation of extended bilayers, which are thermodynamically stable and lead to existence of biological membranes and vesicles. From biological point of view the development of new knowledge and techniques in the area of vesicles, bilayers and multiplayer membranes and their polymerizable analogue provide new opportunities for research in the respective area. 'Green Surfactants' or the biologically compatible surfactants are in demand to replace some of the existing surfactants and thereby reduce the environmental impact, in general caused by classic surfactants. In this context, the term 'natural surfactants or biosurfactants' is often used to indicate the natural origin of the surfactant molecules. Most important aspect of biosurfactants is their environmental acceptability, because they are readily biodegradable and have low toxicity than synthetic surfactants. Some of the major applications of biosurfactants in pollution and environmental control are microbial enhanced oil recovery, hydrocarbon degradation, hexa-chloro cyclohexane (HCH) degradation and heavy-metal removal from contaminated soil. In this chapter, we tried to make a hierarchy from vital surfactant molecules toward understanding their behavioral aspects and application potential thereby ending into the higher class of broad spectrum 'biosurfactants'. Pertaining to the budding promise offered by these molecules, the selection of the type and size of each structural moiety enables a delicate balance between surface activity and biological function and this represents the most effective approach of harnessing the power of molecular self-assembly.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Dendrimersomes are nanosized vesicles constituted by amphiphilic Janus dendrimers (JDs), which have been recently proposed as innovative nanocarriers for biomedical applications. Recently, we have demonstrated that dendrimersomes self-assembled from (3,5)12G1-PE-BMPA-G2-(OH)8 dendrimers can be successfully loaded with hydrophilic and amphiphilic imaging contrast agents. Here, we present two newly synthesized low generation isomeric JDs: JDG0G1(3,5) and JDG0G1(3,4). Though less branched than the above-cited dendrimers, they retain the ability to form self-assembled, almost monodisperse vesicular nanoparticles. This contribution reports on the characterization of such nanovesicles loaded with the clinically approved MRI probe Gadoteridol and the comparison with the related nanoparticles assembled from more branched dendrimers. Special emphasis was given to the in vitro stability test of the systems in biologically relevant media, complemented by preliminary in vivo data about blood circulation lifetime collected in healthy mice. The results point to very promising safety and stability profiles of the nanovesicles, in particular for those made of JDG0G1(3,5), whose spontaneous self-organization in water gives rise to an homogenous suspension. Importantly, the blood lifetimes of these systems are comparable to those of standard liposomes. By virtue of the reported results, the herein presented nanovesicles augur well for a future use in a variety of biomedical applications.Nanoscale 06/2015; 7(30). DOI:10.1039/C5NR02695D · 7.39 Impact Factor
Data provided are for informational purposes only. Although carefully collected, accuracy cannot be guaranteed. The impact factor represents a rough estimation of the journal's impact factor and does not reflect the actual current impact factor. Publisher conditions are provided by RoMEO. Differing provisions from the publisher's actual policy or licence agreement may be applicable.