Antidepressants for neuropathic pain: a Cochrane review
Helsinki University Central Hospital, Department of Oncology, Helsinki, Finland.Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry (Impact Factor: 5.58). 12/2010; 81(12):1372-3. DOI: 10.1136/jnnp.2008.144964
Article: Neuropathic pain in primary careOfficial journal of the South African Academy of Family Practice/Primary Care 08/2014; 55(3):245-248. DOI:10.1080/20786204.2013.10874344
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ABSTRACT: Background Under-prescription of antidepressants (ADs) among people meeting the criteria for major depressive episodes and excessive prescription in less symptomatic patients have been reported. The reasons influencing general practitioners’ (GPs) prescription of ADs remain little explored. This study aimed at assessing the influence of GP and patient characteristics on AD prescription. Methods This cross-sectional study was based on a sample of 816 GPs working within the main health care insurance system in the Seine-Maritime district of France during 2010. Only GPs meeting the criteria for full-time GP practice were included. The ratio of AD prescription to overall prescription volume, a relative measure of AD prescription level, was calculated for each GP, using the defined daily dose (DDD) concept. Associations of this AD prescription ratio with GPs’ age, gender, practice location, number of years of practice, number of days of sickness certificates prescribed, number of home visits and consultations, number and mean age of registered patients, mean patient income, and number of patients with a chronic condition were assessed using univariate and multivariate analysis. Results The high prescribers were middle-aged (40–59) urban GPs, with a moderate number of consultations and fewer low-income and chronic patients. GPs’ workload (e.g., volume of prescribed drug reimbursement and number of consultations) had no influence on the AD prescription ratio. GPs with more patients with risk factors for depression prescribed fewer ADs, however, which could suggest the medications were under-prescribed among the at-risk population. Conclusions Our study described a profile of the typical higher AD prescriber that did not include heavy workload. In future work, a more detailed assessment of all biopsychosocial components of the consultation and other influences on GP behavior such as prior training would be useful to explain AD prescription in GP’s practice. Electronic supplementary material The online version of this article (doi:10.1186/s12991-015-0041-7) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.Annals of General Psychiatry 01/2015; 14(1). DOI:10.1186/s12991-015-0041-7 · 1.53 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Post-herpetic neuralgia (PHN) is the most common complication of herpes zoster (HZ) and is difficult to treat. The role of antiviral agents and nonpharmacologic procedures in preventing PHN is not entirely clear. Recent retrospective study showed that transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) may completely prevent PHN. The aim of our study was to identify predictors for PHN and evaluate the treatment with antiviral agents and TENS. We conducted a multicenter prospective, randomized intervention study in patients with a new onset of HZ. Immunocompromised patients were excluded. Patients were randomly assigned to four groups (TENS, Antiviral agents, TENS and Antiviral agents, and Control Group). At the inclusion, the following criteria were recorded: age, gender, duration of pain before the onset of the rash, the number of efflorescence, the intensity of pain, and the analgesic prescribed. During the follow-up, we recorded a spontaneous pain sensation, pain intensity, and presence of allodynia, hyperalgesia, or paraesthesia. With each additional year of age, the odds for the presence of PHN with unchanged values of other predictors increase (odds ratio (OR) = 1.03 [1.01; 1.05], p = 0.001). The same is true for the initial intensity of the pain (OR = 1.25 [1.09; 1.43], p = 0.002). The odds for acute and subacute herpetic neuralgia are greater than for PHN. The odds for subacute herpetic neuralgia are the lowest in the group treated with TENS (OR = 0.15 [0.05; 0.47], p = 0.001). PHN cannot be completely prevented. TENS as a single therapy was found the most successful among the tested treatments in reducing the incidence of subacute herpetic neuralgia.Wiener klinische Wochenschrift 12/2014; DOI:10.1007/s00508-014-0669-3 · 0.79 Impact Factor
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