Obesity increases the risk of chest wall pain from thoracic stereotactic body radiation therapy.
ABSTRACT Stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) is increasingly being used to treat thoracic tumors. We attempted here to identify dose-volume parameters that predict chest wall toxicity (pain and skin reactions) in patients receiving thoracic SBRT.
We screened a database of patients treated with SBRT between August 2004 and August 2008 to find patients with pulmonary tumors within 2.5 cm of the chest wall. All patients received a total dose of 50 Gy in four daily 12.5-Gy fractions. Toxicity was scored according to the NCI-CTCAE V3.0.
Of 360 patients in the database, 265 (268 tumors) had tumors within <2.5 cm of the chest wall; 104 (39%) developed skin toxicity (any grade); 14 (5%) developed acute pain (any grade), and 45 (17%) developed chronic pain (Grade 1 in 22 cases [49%] and Grade 2 or 3 in 23 cases [51%]). Both skin toxicity and chest wall pain were associated with the V30, or volume of the chest wall receiving 30 Gy. Body mass index (BMI) was also strongly associated with the development of chest pain: patients with BMI≥29 had almost twice the risk of chronic pain (p=0.03). Among patients with BMI>29, diabetes mellitus was a significant contributing factor to the development of chest pain.
Safe use of SBRT with 50 Gy in four fractions for lesions close to the chest wall requires consideration of the chest wall volume receiving 30 Gy and the patient's BMI and diabetic state.
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- "The use of only three beams, distance from the tumour to the posterior chest wall skin of less than 5 cm and a maximum skin dose 50% of the prescribed dose were found to be risk factors for grade 2 or higher acute skin toxicity . In a study from MDACC, the volume of the chest wall receiving 30 Gy in four fractions predicted the risk of skin toxicity among patients with lung tumours within 2.5 cm from the chest wall . "
ABSTRACT: The clinical applications of stereotactic body radiotherapy or stereotactic ablative radiotherapy (SABR) for the treatment of primary and metastatic tumours of different organ sites have been expanding rapidly in the recent decade. SABR requires advanced technology in radiotherapy planning and image guidance to deliver a highly conformal ablative dose precisely to targets (or tumours) in the body. Although this treatment modality has shown promising results with regard to tumour control, some serious complications have been observed and reported. In order to achieve a favourable therapeutic ratio, strategies to mitigate the risk of complications must be in place. This overview will summarise the reported serious complications caused by SABR and strategies to mitigate the risk will be discussed.Clinical Oncology 01/2013; 25(6). DOI:10.1016/j.clon.2013.01.003 · 2.83 Impact Factor
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- "Despite a wide variety of dose and fractionation schedules, V30 in absolute cc's has consistently been reported as a significant risk factor for the development of CW pain    . Our data also support V30 (and other dose levels) as a significant risk factor for CW pain; however our data demonstrate the percentage of CW receiving 30 Gy as predictive of CW pain rather than absolute cc's. "
ABSTRACT: To identify risk factors for the development of chest wall (CW) pain after thoracic stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT). A registry of patients with lung lesions treated with lung SBRT was explored to identify patients treated with 54 Gy in three fractions or 50 Gy in five fractions. One hundred and forty-six lesions in 140 patients were identified; complete electronic treatment plans were available on 86 CWs. The CW was contoured as a 3 cm outward expansion from the involved lung. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to correlate patient, tumor, and dosimetric factors to the development of CW toxicity. CW pain occurred in 22 patients (15.7%). The Kaplan-Meier estimated risk of CW pain at 2 years was 20.1% (95% C.I., 13.2-28.8%). On univariate analysis of patient factors, elevated BMI (p=0.026) and connective tissue disease (p=0.036) correlated with CW pain. The percent of CW receiving 30, 35, or 40 Gy was most predictive of CW pain on multivariate analysis using logistic regression, while V40 alone was predictive using Cox regression. A V30 threshold of 0.7% and V40 threshold of 0.19% was correlated with a 15% risk of CW pain. We have described patient and dosimetric parameters that correlate with CW pain after lung SBRT. The risk of CW pain may be mitigated by attempting to reduce the relative proportion of CW receiving 30-40 Gy during treatment planning.Radiotherapy and Oncology 02/2012; 104(1):23-7. DOI:10.1016/j.radonc.2012.01.014 · 4.86 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Radiation therapy (RT) causes acute and late toxicities that affect various organs and functions. In a large cohort of patients treated with RT for localized head and neck cancer (HNC), we prospectively assessed the occurrence of RT-induced acute and late toxicities and identified characteristics that predicted these toxicities. We conducted a randomized trial among 540 patients treated with RT for localized HNC to assess whether vitamin E supplementation could improve disease outcomes. Adverse effects of RT were assessed using the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group Acute Radiation Morbidity Criteria during RT and one month after RT, and the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group/European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Late Radiation Morbidity Scoring Scheme at six and 12 months after RT. The most severe adverse effect among the organs/tissues was selected as an overall measure of either acute or late toxicity. Grade 3 and 4 toxicities were considered as severe. Stepwise multivariate logistic regression models were used to identify all independent predictors (p < 0.05) of acute or late toxicity and to estimate odds ratios (OR) for severe toxicity with their 95% confidence intervals (CI). Grade 3 or 4 toxicity was observed in 23% and 4% of patients, respectively, for acute and late toxicity. Four independent predictors of severe acute toxicity were identified: sex (female vs. male: OR = 1.72, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.06-2.80), Karnofsky Performance Status (OR = 0.67 for a 10-point increment, 95% CI: 0.52-0.88), body mass index (above 25 vs. below: OR = 1.88, 95% CI: 1.22-2.90), TNM stage (Stage II vs. I: OR = 1.91, 95% CI: 1.25-2.92). Two independent predictors were found for severe late toxicity: female sex (OR = 3.96, 95% CI: 1.41-11.08) and weight loss during RT (OR = 1.26 for a 1 kg increment, 95% CI: 1.12-1.41). Knowledge of these predictors easily collected in a clinical setting could help tailoring therapies to reduce toxicities among patients treated with RT for HNC.International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics 06/2011; 82(4):1454-62. DOI:10.1016/j.ijrobp.2011.04.022 · 4.18 Impact Factor