Crystal structure and ligand binding of the MID domain of a eukaryotic Argonaute protein.
ABSTRACT Argonaute (AGO) proteins are core components of RNA-induced silencing complexes and have essential roles in RNA-mediated gene silencing. They are characterized by a bilobal architecture, consisting of one lobe containing the amino-terminal and PAZ domains and another containing the MID and PIWI domains. Except for the PAZ domain, structural information on eukaryotic AGO domains is not yet available. In this study, we report the crystal structure of the MID domain of the eukaryotic AGO protein QDE-2 from Neurospora crassa. This domain adopts a Rossmann-like fold and recognizes the 5'-terminal nucleotide of a guide RNA in a manner similar to its prokaryotic counterparts. The 5'-nucleotide-binding site shares common residues with a second, adjacent ligand-binding site, suggesting a mechanism for the cooperative binding of ligands to the MID domain of eukaryotic AGOs.
[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Staphylococcus aureus is one of the major human pathogens, which causes numerous community-associated and hospital-acquired infections. The regulation of the expression of numerous virulence factors is coordinated by complex interplays between two component systems, transcriptional regulatory proteins, and regulatory RNAs. Recent studies have identified numerous novel RNAs comprising cis-acting regulatory RNAs, antisense RNAs, small non coding RNAs and small mRNAs encoding peptides. We present here several examples of RNAs regulating S. aureus pathogenicity and describe various aspects of antisense regulation.RNA biology 04/2012; 9(4):402-13. · 5.56 Impact Factor
Article: A highly conserved protein of unknown function in Sinorhizobium meliloti affects sRNA regulation similar to Hfq.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The SMc01113/YbeY protein, belonging to the UPF0054 family, is highly conserved in nearly every bacterium. However, the function of these proteins still remains elusive. Our results show that SMc01113/YbeY proteins share structural similarities with the MID domain of the Argonaute (AGO) proteins, and might similarly bind to a small-RNA (sRNA) seed, making a special interaction with the phosphate on the 5'-side of the seed, suggesting they may form a component of the bacterial sRNA pathway. Indeed, eliminating SMc01113/YbeY expression in Sinorhizobium meliloti produces symbiotic and physiological phenotypes strikingly similar to those of the hfq mutant. Hfq, an RNA chaperone, is central to bacterial sRNA-pathway. We evaluated the expression of 13 target genes in the smc01113 and hfq mutants. Further, we predicted the sRNAs that may potentially target these genes, and evaluated the accumulation of nine sRNAs in WT and smc01113 and hfq mutants. Similar to hfq, smc01113 regulates the accumulation of sRNAs as well as the target mRNAs. AGOs are central components of the eukaryotic sRNA machinery and conceptual parallels between the prokaryotic and eukaryotic sRNA pathways have long been drawn. Our study provides the first line of evidence for such conceptual parallels. Furthermore, our investigation gives insights into the sRNA-mediated regulation of stress adaptation in S. meliloti.Nucleic Acids Research 02/2011; 39(11):4691-708. · 8.03 Impact Factor