Folylpolyglutamate Synthetase Gene Transcription is Regulated by a Multiprotein Complex that Binds the TEL-AML1 Fusion in Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

Department of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL 33101, USA.
Leukemia research (Impact Factor: 2.35). 12/2010; 34(12):1601-9. DOI: 10.1016/j.leukres.2010.05.012
Source: PubMed


Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL) non-random fusions influence clinical outcome and alter the accumulation of MTX-PGs in vivo. Analysis of primary ALL samples uncovered subtype-specific patterns of folate gene expression. Using an FPGS-luciferase reporter gene assay, we determined that E2A-PBX1 and TEL-AML1 expression decreased FPGS transcription. ChIP assays uncovered HDAC1, AML1, mSin3A, E2F, and Rb interactions with the FPGS promoter region. We demonstrate that FPGS expression is epigenetically regulated through binding of selected ALL fusions to a multiprotein complex, which also controls the cell cycle dependence of FPGS expression. This study provides insights into the pharmacogenomics of MTX in ALL subtypes.

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Available from: Meenakshi Devidas,
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    • "It was reported that patients with TEL-AML1 and E2A-PBX1 fusion genes had significantly lower level of FPGS mRNA expression in childhood ALL. And TEL-AML1 and E2A-PBX1 can downregulate FPGS promoter activity and lead to lower mRNA expression and enzymatic activity [24,25]. As rs1544105 influences FPGS expression, we supposed that this polymorphism might correlate with TEL-AML1and E2A-PBX1 fusions. "
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    ABSTRACT: Folypolyglutamate synthase (FPGS) catalyzes the polyglutamation of folates and antifolates, such as methotrexate (MTX), to produce highly active metabolites. FPGS tag SNP rs1544105C > T is located in the gene promoter. The aim of the present study was to investigate the impact of rs1544105 polymorphism on the treatment outcome in pediatric B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (BCP-ALL). This study enrolled 164 children with BCP-ALL. We genotyped the FPGS SNP rs1544105, and analyzed the associations between its genotypes and treatment outcome. We also examined FPGS mRNA levels by real-time PCR in 64 of the 164 children, and investigated the function of this polymorphism on gene expression. We found significantly poor relapse-free survival (RFS) (p = 0.010) and poor event-free survival (EFS) (p = 0.046) in carriers of CC genotype. Multivariable Cox regression analyses adjusted for possible confounding variables showed that, relative to the CT + TT genotypes, the CC genotype was an independent prognostic factor for poor RFS (hazard ratio [HR], 4.992.; 95% CI, 1.550-16.078; p = 0.007). No association was found between any toxicity and rs1544105 polymorphism. Quantitative PCR results showed that individuals with the T allele had lower levels of FPGS transcripts. Our study indicates that FPGS rs1544105C > T polymorphism might influence FPGS expression and affect treatment outcome in BCP-ALL patients.
    Cancer Cell International 10/2013; 13(1):107. DOI:10.1186/1475-2867-13-107 · 2.77 Impact Factor
  • Leukemia research 12/2010; 34(12):1558-9. DOI:10.1016/j.leukres.2010.05.033 · 2.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Methotrexate (MTX) eradicates leukemic cells by disrupting de novo nucleotide biosynthesis and DNA replication, resulting in cell death. Since its introduction in 1947, MTX-containing chemotherapeutic regimens have proven instrumental in achieving curative effects in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). However, drug resistance phenomena pose major obstacles to efficacious ALL chemotherapy. Moreover, clinically relevant molecular mechanisms underlying chemoresistance remain largely obscure. Several alterations in MTX metabolism, leading to impaired accumulation of this cytotoxic agent in tumor cells, have been classified as determinants of MTX resistance. However, the relation between MTX resistance and long-term clinical outcome of ALL has not been shown previously. We have collected clinical data for 235 childhood ALL patients, for whom samples taken at the time of diagnosis were also broadly characterized with respect to MTX resistance. This included measurement of concentrations of MTX polyglutamates in leukemic cells, mRNA expression of enzymes involved in MTX metabolism (FPGS, FPGH, RFC, DHFR, and TS), MTX sensitivity as determined by the TS inhibition assay, and FPGS activity. Herein we demonstrate that higher accumulation of long-chain polyglutamates of MTX is strongly associated with better overall (10-year OS: 90.6 vs 64.1 %, P = 0.008) and event-free survival (10-year EFS: 81.2 vs 57.6 %, P = 0.029) of ALL patients. In addition, we assessed both the association of several MTX resistance-related parameters determined in vitro with treatment outcome as well as clinical characteristics of pediatric ALL patients treated with MTX-containing combination chemotherapy. High MTX sensitivity was associated with DNA hyperdiploid ALL (P < 0.001), which was linked with increased MTX accumulation (P = 0.03) and elevated reduced folate carrier (RFC) expression (P = 0.049) in this subset of ALL patients. TEL-AML1 fusion was associated with increased MTX resistance (P = 0.023). Moreover, a low accumulation of MTX polyglutamates was observed in MLL-rearranged and TEL-AML1 rearranged ALL (P < 0.05). These findings emphasize the central role of MTX in ALL treatment thereby expanding our understanding of the molecular basis of clinical differences in treatment response between ALL individuals. In particular, the identification of patients that are potentially resistant to MTX at diagnosis may allow for tailoring novel treatment strategies to individual leukemia patients.
    Journal of Hematology & Oncology 05/2015; 8(1):61. DOI:10.1186/s13045-015-0158-9 · 4.81 Impact Factor