Etoricoxib improves pain, function and quality of life: results of a real-world effectiveness trial.
ABSTRACT To evaluate the effectiveness and tolerability of etoricoxib in patients with osteoarthritis (OA) with suboptimal response to existing pain regimens.
A multicenter, prospective, open-label, single-arm study. OA patients (n = 500) taking nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) or other analgesics who had inadequate response as determined by their physicians (>or= 40 mm on a 0-100 mm pain scale) were switched directly to etoricoxib 60 mg once daily for 4 weeks without prior medication washout. The primary endpoint was the percentage of patients with >or= 30% improvement in Western Ontario McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) pain walking on a flat surface after 4 weeks of treatment. Other endpoints included WOMAC Pain, Stiffness, and Physical Function subscales, Brief Pain Inventory (BPI), investigator's global assessment of response to therapy (IGART), the Treatment Satisfaction Questionnaire for Medication (TSQM) and Short Form 36 (SF36). Safety and tolerability were assessed by collecting adverse events.
After switching to etoricoxib, 52% (95% confidence interval: 47%, 57%) of patients reported a clinically meaningful reduction (>or= 30%) for WOMAC pain walking on a flat surface. Disability in daily activities and pain interference were significantly improved (P < 0.0001). IGART scores improved after the switch to etoricoxib (P < 0.05). Results from TSQM demonstrated that patient perceptions of effectiveness, convenience and overall satisfaction increased. Etoricoxib was generally well tolerated in most patients. The most commonly reported adverse event was edema (4.2%).
In OA patients experiencing inadequate relief from a wide variety of analgesics, pain, function, quality of life, and treatment satisfaction significantly improved when switched to etoricoxib.
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ABSTRACT: Panphotocoagulation reduces the risk of vision loss in proliferative diabetic retinopathy. However, not many patients tolerate this treatment well due to pain. Therefore, we evaluated the analgesic effect of etoricoxib during photocoagulation in patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy. A prospective, randomized, double-blind study was conducted on 44 consecutive patients eligible for panphotocoagulation due to proliferative diabetic retinopathy. During the first panphotocoagulation session, both groups were treated without medication. During the following session, the control group received a placebo pill while the other group received etoricoxib 120 mg. Both groups took the medicines 1 hour before the treatment. After each session, the patients quantified the level of pain on a subjective visual scale. A total of 52 patients were selected for the study and the data of 44 patients were analyzed. In the control group, the average level of pain in the first session was 7.68 (standard deviation 1.70), dropping to an average of 7.32 (standard deviation 1.39) after ingestion of placebo. Therefore, there was no statistical difference (p = 0.1187). In contrast, the average level of pain without the drug in the group taking etoricoxib 120 mg was 7.95 (standard deviation 1.46) vs 5.18 (standard deviation 1.65) with the drug, a significant statistical difference (p<0.001). Etoricoxib 120 mg reduces pain and can be used before panphotocoagulation. Data show that the medication is more effective against pain during photocoagulation than placebo.European journal of ophthalmology 07/2011; 22(3):388-92. DOI:10.5301/ejo.5000028 · 1.06 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The efficacy of acupuncture as an adjunctive therapy to pharmacological treatment of chronic pain due to knee osteoarthritis was studied with a 3-armed, single-blind, randomized, sham-controlled trial; it compared acupuncture combined with pharmacological treatment, sham acupuncture including pharmacological treatment, and pharmacological treatment alone. A total of 120 patients with knee osteoarthritis were randomly allocated to 3 groups: group I was treated with acupuncture and etoricoxib, group II with sham acupuncture and etoricoxib, and group III with etoricoxib. The primary efficacy variable was the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities (WOMAC) index and its subscales at the end of treatment at week 8. Secondary efficacy variables included the WOMAC index at the end of weeks 4 and 12, a visual analogue scale (VAS) at the end of weeks 4, 8, and 12, and the Short Form 36 version 2 (SF-36v2) health survey at the end of week 8. An algometer was used to determine changes in a predetermined unique fixed trigger point for every patient at the end of weeks 4, 8, and 12. Group I exhibited statistically significant improvements in primary and secondary outcome measures, except for Short Form mental component, compared with the other treatment groups. We conclude that acupuncture with etoricoxib is more effective than sham acupuncture with etoricoxib, or etoricoxib alone for the treatment of knee osteoarthritis.Pain 06/2012; 153(8):1720-6. DOI:10.1016/j.pain.2012.05.005 · 5.84 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Background Inhaled treprostinil is a prostacyclin analog approved for the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) that may provide a more convenient treatment option for patients receiving inhaled iloprost while maintaining the clinical benefit of inhaled prostacyclin therapy. Aims In this open-label safety study, 73 PAH patients were enrolled with primarily World Health Organization Class II (56%) or III (42%) symptoms. At baseline, most patients (93%) were receiving 5 μg of iloprost per dose but 38% of patients reported a dosing frequency below the labeled rate of 6–9 times daily. Patients initiated inhaled treprostinil at 3 breaths four times daily (qid) at the immediate next scheduled iloprost dose. The primary objective was to assess the safety of rapid transition from iloprost to inhaled treprostinil; clinical status and quality of life were also assessed. Results Most patients (84%) achieved the target treprostinil dose of 9 breaths qid and remained on study until transition to commercial therapy (89%). The most frequent adverse events (AEs) were cough (74%), headache (44%), and nausea (30%), and five patients prematurely discontinued study drug due to AE (n = 3), disease progression (n = 1), or death (n = 1). At week 12, the time spent on daily treatment activities was reduced compared to baseline, with a mean total savings of 1.4 h per day. Improvements were also observed at week 12 for 6-min walk distance (+16.0; P < 0.001), N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (−74 pg/mL; P = 0.001), and the Cambridge Pulmonary Hypertension Outcome Review (all domains P < 0.001). Conclusions Pulmonary arterial hypertension patients can be safely transitioned from inhaled iloprost to inhaled treprostinil while maintaining clinical status.Cardiovascular Therapeutics 09/2012; 31(1). DOI:10.1111/1755-5922.12008 · 2.54 Impact Factor