When is the helix conformation restored after the reverse reaction of phototropin?
ABSTRACT Following the disruption of the covalent bond between the cysteine and flavin of Phot1LOV2-linker, the unfolded conformation of the linker folds with a time constant of 13 ms, which is considerably (approximately 10(4) times) slower than the helix formation rate measured for an alpha-helical polypeptide in solution.
- SourceAvailable from: Ivo H M Van Stokkum[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The phototropins are blue-light receptors that base their light-dependent action on the reversible formation of a covalent bond between a flavin mononucleotide (FMN) cofactor and a conserved cysteine in light, oxygen or voltage (LOV) domains. The primary reactions of the Avena sativa phototropin 1 LOV2 domain were investigated by means of time-resolved and low-temperature fluorescence spectroscopy. Synchroscan streak camera experiments revealed a fluorescence lifetime of 2.2 ns in LOV2. A weak long-lived component with emission intensity from 600 to 650 nm was assigned to phosphorescence from the reactive FMN triplet state. This observation allowed determination of the LOV2 triplet state energy level at physiological temperature at 16600 cm(-1). FMN dissolved in aqueous solution showed pH-dependent fluorescence lifetimes of 2.7 ns at pH 2 and 3.9-4.1 ns at pH 3-8. Here, too, a weak phosphorescence band was observed. The fluorescence quantum yield of LOV2 increased from 0.13 to 0.41 upon cooling the sample from 293 to 77 K. A pronounced phosphorescence emission around 600 nm was observed in the LOV2 domain between 77 and 120 K in the steady-state emission.Photochemistry and Photobiology 01/2011; 87(3):534-41. · 2.29 Impact Factor