Rapid monitoring of arrays of amino acids in clinical samples using capillary electrophoresis with contactless conductivity detection.

Institute of Biochemistry, Cell and Molecular Biology, Third Faculty of Medicine, Charles University, Czech Republic.
Journal of Separation Science (Impact Factor: 2.59). 08/2010; 33(16):2394-401. DOI: 10.1002/jssc.201000137
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT CE with contactless conductivity detection has been used to separate 28 biogenic amino acids in a short capillary with an effective length of 18 cm. All the tested amino acids can be mutually separated in 0.5-10 mol/L acetic acid electrolytes. The time of analysis does not exceed 6 min and the LODs vary from 0.1 to 1.7 micromol/L. The CVs lie within the intervals 0.01-0.4% and 0.9-4% for the migration times and the analyte peak areas, respectively. The procedure has been successfully applied to the determinations of the whole amino acid spectra in blood plasma, urine, saliva and cerebrospinal fluid samples.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A new variant of large-volume sample stacking injection (LVSS) was used in the capillary electrophoresis with capacitively coupled contactless conductivity detection (CE/C(4)D) determination of the neurotransmitters γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA), glycine (Gly) and glutamate (Glu) in microdialysates of periaqueductal gray matter (PAG). The separation capillary was filled to 98% from the injection side with a sample of microdialysate in acetonitrile. Simultaneously with turning on the separation voltage, the sample zone was forced out by the background electrolyte by increasing the pressure in the terminal capillary outlet vessel. As a consequence of the stacking effect, the analyte was concentrated from the large sample volume into a narrow zone at the sample/background electrolyte boundary close to the injection end of the capillary. Under these conditions, LOD values of 9, 10 and 15nM were determined in the model samples for GABA, Gly and Glu, respectively; RSD equalled 0.5% for the migration times and 1.0-1.9% for the peak areas, respectively. In analysis of microdialysates of PAG, LOD values of 29, 29 and 37nM were determined for GABA, Gly and Glu, respectively; RSD equalled 0.5-0.7% for the migration times and 2.6-8.2% for the peak areas, respectively. The determined basal levels of the neurotransmitters in PAG microdialysates are 0.08, 4.7 and 0.8μM for GABA, Gly and Glu, respectively. Carrageenan-induced hyperalgesia increases the Gly and Glu levels and reduces GABA in PAG microdialysate. Peroral administration of paracetamol in hyperalgesia effectively reduces the Gly value and has no effect on Glu and GABA.
    Journal of Chromatography A 06/2013; · 4.61 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A new method for rapid determination of toxic metabolites after methanol and ethylene glycol intoxication - oxalate, formate and glycolate in various body fluid samples (blood serum, saliva, urine, exhaled breath condensate) by capillary electrophoresis with contactless conductometric detection was developed. A selective separation of the three target analytes from other constituents present in the analyzed biological matrices was achieved in less than 6 minutes in a fused silica capillary of 25 μm I.D. using an electrolyte comprising 50 mM L-histidine and 50 mM 2-(N-morpholino)ethanesulfonic acid at pH 6.1. The only sample preparation was dilution with deionized water. The limits of detection were 0.4, 0.6 and 1.3 μM and limits of quantitation 1.3, 1.9, 4.2 μM for oxalate, formate and glycolate, respectively. The method provides a simple and rapid diagnostic test in suspected intoxication and is able to distinguish the ingested liquid, based on its metabolite trace. The method presents a fast screening tool that can be applicable in clinical practice
    Journal of Chromatography A 01/2013; · 4.61 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A new capillary electrophoresis method to measure human blood plasma arginine and citrulline levels in a single run without derivatization was established. After adding homoarginine as internal standard, plasma proteins were removed by a 90:10 v/v acetonitrile/ammonia mixture. Arginine and citrulline were detected by an UV detector at 190 nm and separated in 11.65 and 20.43 min respectively by using a 75 mmol/L Tris phosphate solution at pH 1.2 as a background electrolyte. Limits of detection were 0.8 and 5 μmol/L for arginine and citrulline respectively. Precision tests indicated a good repeatability of migration times and of peak area both for citrulline (CV% = 0.82 and 3.19) and arginine (CV% = 0.65 and 2.79). The CV% for intra- and inter-assay tests were, respectively, 1.84 and 3.23 for citrulline and 1.25 and 1.50 for arginine. Mean recovery was 101.5 and 98.5% for citrulline and arginine, respectively. The performance of the developed method was assessed by measuring plasma arginine levels in 52 subjects and the data were compared with those obtained by our previous assay. The new method was then applied to assess plasma citrulline and arginine in ten chronic kidney disease patients under hypolipidemic therapy with statin. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Journal of Separation Science 06/2014; · 2.59 Impact Factor