Comparison of intravitreal bevacizumab to photodynamic therapy for polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy: short-term results.
ABSTRACT To compare the short-term therapeutic effects of intravitreal bevacizumab (IVB) to those of photodynamic therapy (PDT) for polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV).
Retrospective interventional case study. Eighty-nine eyes of 89 patients with symptomatic PCV were treated by IVB or PDT. Eighteen eyes were treated with a single injection of IVB (s-IVB group), 22 eyes with three consecutive monthly IVB injections (m-IVB group), and 49 eyes with PDT alone (PDT group). The best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and OCT-determined central foveal thickness (CFT) were evaluated before, and one and three months after the treatment. For statistical analyses, one-factor ANOVA and Chi-square test were used.
The differences in the BCVA and CFT among the three groups at the baseline were not significant (P=0.992, P=0.981, respectively). Three months after the treatment, the BCVA improved by> 0.2 logMAR units in two out of 18 eyes (11%) in the s-IVB group, three out of 22 eyes (14%) in the m-IVB group, and 15 out of 49 eyes (31%) in the PDT group (P=0.124). A decrease in the CFT by> 20% was achieved in six out of 18 eyes in the s-IVB group, ten eyes (46%) in the m-IVB group, and 35 eyes (71%) in the PDT group (P=0.009). The resolution of polyps was achieved in three out of 18 eyes in the s-IVB group, one eye (5%) in the m-IVB group and 35 eyes (71%) in the PDT group (P < 0.001).
The better short-term therapeutic outcomes in the PDT group than in the s-IVB and m-IVB groups indicate that PDT may be more effective than IVB in short term after treatment for PCV.
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ABSTRACT: To evaluate the efficacy of selective treatment with indocyanine green (ICG) angiography-guided photodynamic therapy (PDT) with verteporfin for polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV). In this retrospective consecutive series, 30 eyes of 30 patients with PCV were included. Complete ocular examination, digital fluorescein angiography (FA), ICG angiography, and optical coherence tomography were performed at baseline and at standard intervals thereafter. ICG angiography-guided PDT was performed on all eyes. Only the area of the active PCV or "hot spot" evident on the ICG angiogram was treated. A spot size was chosen to cover the active neovascular lesion with a 200-mum border. Retreatment was performed when angiography revealed a recurrent lesion. Thirty eyes with PCV were treated and followed for 1 year. Mean age of the patients was 75 years (range, 55-90 years). These patients were all classified as having occult choroidal neovascularization (CNV) with FA and polypoidal CNV with ICG angiography. Improvement of vision (>or=3 lines) was achieved in 15 eyes (50%). Nine eyes had stable vision (30%), and 6 eyes (20%) had a decrease in vision (>or=3 lines). Repeated treatment was required in 15 eyes (50%) for an average of 2.2 treatments in 1 year. This study indicates that stabilization or improvement of vision is achieved in most eyes (80%) with neovascular AMD from PCV after selected ICG angiography-guided PDT. These outcomes compare very favorably with those in previous reports on the treatment of occult CNV. Reduced collateral damage to the choriocapillaris and reduced upregulation of vascular endothelial growth factor are presumed to be the explanation for this apparently better outcome. Further studies with longer follow-up are warranted to investigate the long-term efficacy in these conditions.Retina 09/2007; 27(7):825-31. · 2.83 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To determine the aqueous levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) in patients with active polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) and choroidal neovascularization (CNV) secondary to age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and pathologic myopia. Prospective, comparative control study. Aqueous humors were collected from 32 eyes of 32 patients for either active PCV or CNV. Among them, 11 eyes had active and symptomatic PCV, 12 eyes had active CNV secondary to AMD, and nine eyes had active CNV of pathologic myopia. Levels of VEGF and PEDF were determined by commercially available enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kits. A group of 10 aqueous samples from 10 patients who underwent cataract surgery without other ocular or systemic diseases comprised the controls. VEGF concentrations in aqueous humor were markedly increased in patients with PCV, CNV of AMD, and CNV of myopia when compared with the controls (analysis of variance [ANOVA], P < .001). VEGF levels in eyes with PCV were, however, significantly lower than those of exudative AMD (P = .045). The PEDF levels were also significantly different among the groups (ANOVA, P = .001), and we observed increased levels in PCV, CNV of AMD, and CNV of myopia. VEGF and PEDF factors were coexpressed and increased with positive correlation in aqueous humor of eyes with active PCV. The different levels of both factors in eyes of PCV and AMD might suggest distinct clinical entities or different angiogenesis courses between PCV and AMD.American Journal of Ophthalmology 03/2006; 141(3):456-62. · 3.63 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To report the effects of intravitreal bevacizumab (Avastin) in treatment-naive patients with exudative age-related macular degeneration (ARMD) assessed by visual acuity (VA), optical coherence tomography (OCT) and contrast sensitivity. A prospective, uncontrolled, pilot study of 26 eyes of 26 patients, all previously treatment-naive to photodynamic therapy, argon laser or anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), were treated with one or more intravitreal injections of 1.25 mg bevacizumab. Of the 26 patients, 15 (57.7%) had occult choroidal neovascularization (CNV), 6 (23.1%) had predominantly classic CNV and 5 (19.2%) had minimally classic CNV. Ophthalmic outcome measures included changes in standardized Early Treatment Diabetic Research Study (ETDRS) VA, contrast sensitivity and OCT. The patients were examined at baseline and 1 week, 6 weeks, 3 months and 6 months after the first injection. Re-treatment was given on an 'as needed' basis. Twenty-four eyes of 24 patients completed 6 months of follow-up. Two patients chose to discontinue the study. Mean ETDRS VA score improved from 55 letters at baseline to 60 letters at 1 week (P < 0.01) and to 61 letters at 6 weeks (P < 0.01). No significant improvement in VA from baseline was found after 3 and 6 months. Patients with pigment epithelial detachment (PED) had a significantly worse outcome in VA at 6 months. Contrast sensitivity improved from baseline to 3 or 6 months, but this improvement was not statistically significant. Mean macular thickness decreased significantly from baseline to all follow-up examinations (P < 0.01). Mean ETDRS VA improved significantly after 1 and 6 weeks; thereafter, it remained stable throughout the study period. Macular thickness improved significantly at all time points. The results indicate that 1.25 mg intravitreal bevacizumab is associated with functional as well as morphological improvement among treatment-naive ARMD patients.Acta ophthalmologica 01/2009; 87(7):714-9. · 2.44 Impact Factor