Independent adjudication of symptomatic heart failure with the use of doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide followed by trastuzumab adjuvant therapy: a combined review of cardiac data from the National Surgical Adjuvant breast and Bowel Project B-31 and the North Central Cancer Treatment Group N9831 clinical trials.
ABSTRACT An independent Adjuvant Cardiac Review and Evaluation Committee (ACREC) systematically reviewed cases of symptomatic heart failure events to uniformly define the cardiac event rate across two large trials (National Surgical Adjuvant Breast and Bowel Project [NSABP] B-31 and North Central Cancer Treatment Group [NCCTG] N9831) that assessed the addition of trastuzumab to standard adjuvant chemotherapy.
The committee was composed of six independent oncologists and cardiologists. A retrospective review of patients with a cardiac event was performed by the primary investigators of the trials. The ACREC prospectively established criteria for determining a symptomatic heart failure event. Recovery status was determined from documented resolution of signs and symptoms. Potential risk factors were also assessed.
Medical records for a total of 173 patients were reviewed: 40 in the chemotherapy-alone arm and 133 in the trastuzumab arm. Trastuzumab-treated patients had a 2.0% incidence of symptomatic heart failure events compared with 0.45% in the chemotherapy-alone arm. Complete or partial recovery was observed in 86.1% of trastuzumab-treated patients with symptomatic heart failure events. Of five patients who died, only one patient had received trastuzumab. Independent predictors for cardiac events were age older than 50 years, a low ejection fraction at the start of paclitaxel treatment, and trastuzumab treatment.
The incidence of symptomatic heart failure events is 2.0% in patients treated with adjuvant trastuzumab, and the majority of these patients recover with appropriate treatment.
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ABSTRACT: It has been proven that chromosome 17 centromere (CEP17) amplification causes misleading human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) gene fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) results, precluding anti-HER2–based therapy in some patients with breast carcinoma. We used the 2013 American Society of Clinical Oncology/College of American Pathologists (ASCO/CAP) scoring criteria to evaluate HER2 amplification status in 175 cases of breast carcinoma with chromosome 17 polysomy. We used immunohistochemistry (IHC) to determine the HER2 amplification status, and 2-color FISH to detect CEP17, and reviewed the results of initial evaluation using the 2007 ASCO/CAP criteria. Of the 175 cases, 17, 95, and 63 were IHC 0/1+, 2+, and 3+, respectively. Evaluation of IHC HER2 status according to the 2013 ASCO/CAP criteria identified significantly more HER2-positive cases compared to cases evaluated using the 2007 criteria (p < 0.05). When the FISH results were evaluated in parallel with the 2013 criteria, we found that 22 cases were not HER2-negative despite the presence of polysomy 17, which, according to the 2013 criteria, indicates HER2-positive status. Our findings indicate that in breast carcinoma, HER2 status in the presence of polysomy 17 may vary with the scoring criteria used. In turn, performing FISH and evaluating samples using the 2013 ASCO/CAP criteria means that more patients with breast cancer may be appropriate for targeted treatment with trastuzumab, potentially improving their outcome.Pathology - Research and Practice 11/2014; · 1.56 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Cardiovascular toxicity is unfortunately a potential short- or long-term sequela of breast cancer therapy. Both conventional chemotherapeutic agents such as anthracyclines and newer targeted agents such as trastuzumab can cause varying degrees of cardiac dysfunction. Type I cardiac toxicity is dose-dependent and irreversible, whereas Type II is not dose-dependent and is generally reversible with cessation of the drug. In this review, we discuss what is currently known about the cardiovascular effects of systemic breast cancer treatments, with a focus on the putative mechanisms of toxicity, the role of biomarkers, and potential methods of preventing and minimizing cardiovascular complications.Frontiers in Oncology 12/2014; 4:346.
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ABSTRACT: We evaluated the tolerability and cardiac safety of docetaxel, cyclophosphamide, and trastuzumab (TCyH) for the treatment of early-stage human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive breast cancer and compared to the standard trastuzumab-based chemotherapy regimens doxorubicin with cyclophosphamide followed by paclitaxel and trastuzumab (AC-TH) and docetaxel, carboplatin, and trastuzumab (TCaH). We retrospectively reviewed early-stage, resectable, HER2-positive breast cancer patients treated with trastuzumab-based chemotherapy at a single comprehensive cancer center between 2004 and 2011. Patient characteristics, comorbidities, relative dose intensity (RDI) of each regimen, tolerability, and cardiac toxicity were evaluated. One hundred seventy-seven patients were included in the study (AC-TH, n=114; TCaH, n=39; TCyH, n=24). TCyH was solely administered in the adjuvant setting, whereas two-thirds of the AC-TH and TCaH groups were administered postoperatively. Patients treated with TCyH tended to have a more significant underlying cardiac history, higher Charlson comorbidity index, and were of an earlier stage. All patients treated with TCyH received granulocyte colony stimulating factor primary prophylaxis. No febrile neutropenia or grade ≥3 hematologic toxicity was observed in the TCyH group as compared to the AC-TH and TCaH groups. There were no significant differences in the rates of early termination, hospitalization, dose reduction, or RDI between the regimens. The symptomatic congestive heart failure rate between AC-TH, TCaH, and TCyH groups was not significantly different (4.4% vs. 2.6% vs. 8.3%, respectively, p=0.57). There was also no significant difference in the rate of early trastuzumab termination between patients treated with each regimen. TCyH is well tolerated and should be investigated as an alternative adjuvant chemotherapy option for patients who are not candidates for standard trastuzumab-containing regimens. Larger clinical trials are necessary to support the wider use of TCyH as an adjuvant regimen.Journal of Breast Cancer 12/2014; 17(4):356-62. · 1.32 Impact Factor