Outcomes of surgical repair of bile leaks and strictures after adult-to-adult living donor liver transplant
ABSTRACT We sought to determine factors that predict the successful surgical repair of biliary complications after adult living donor liver transplantation (ALDLT).
Records of 82 consecutive ALDLT right lobe recipients were reviewed. Operations were performed on 19 recipients for biliary complications. Post-operative biliary complications were analyzed. Fisher's exact test was used to identify variables that correlated with successful surgical repair.
A total of 29 recipients had biliary complications, of which 19 had a surgical repair. The five recipients, operated on for a stricture without history of leaks, did not develop further complications. However, nine of 14 with a history of a leak developed further complications after surgical repair (p-value = 0.044). All five who presented with a biliary complication more than 100 d after transplant had successful surgical repair; however, nine out of 13 who presented within 57 d had additional complications after repair.
Operations for strictures after ALDLT are more successful than operations for leaks. Recipients with isolated biliary strictures after ALDLT can be managed surgically; however, recipients with history of a leak often require additional interventions after surgical repair.
- SourceAvailable from: onlinelibrary.wiley.com[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Biliary strictures after live donor liver transplantation (LDLT) are frequent and difficult to manage. The outcomes of surgical correction of biliary anastomotic complications remain unclear. Clinical outcomes of patients requiring surgical revision of their biliary anastomosis following LDLT were analyzed. Of 296 consecutive right lobe LDLTs, approximately 21% of patients developed biliary strictures. Of these patients, twelve required surgical revision of a biliary anastomotic stricture. For patients who had operative repair, the average time from transplantation to stricture diagnosis was 7.6 months. Mean time to surgical correction was 8.2 months from the time of stricture diagnosis. Eight of 12 (67%) patients no longer require any intervention with a mean follow-up of 43.7 months. Two of 12 patients require intermittent medical treatment for presumed cholangitis, but have not required biliary interventions. Two patients have required chronic PTC catheter drainage. The 30-day postoperative morbidity was 58%, with four serious (Grade 3) complications occurring in three patients. Early stricture repair (<6 months from diagnosis of stricture) and younger donor grafts were associated with better surgical outcomes. Timely surgical correction of biliary strictures is successful and durable in appropriately selected patients. However, operative repair is associated with significant postoperative morbidity.Transplant International 11/2011; 25(1):69-77. DOI:10.1111/j.1432-2277.2011.01372.x · 3.16 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Informed consent for living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) requires that patients are provided with accurate information on the relative benefits and risks of this procedure compared with deceased donor liver transplantation (DDLT). There is strong evidence to suggest that LDLT facilitates timely transplantation to patients; however, information on the relative morbidity and death risks after LDLT as compared with DDLT is limited. A matched cohort comparison was performed matching recipients for age, MELD, date of transplant, gender, primary diagnosis, and recipient surgeon. A total of 145 LDLT were matched with 145 DDLT. LDLT had a higher overall rate of perioperative surgical complications (P = 0.009). Most of this difference was caused by a higher rate of biliary complications. However, the complications that occurred in the DDLT group tended to be more serious (P = 0.037), and these complications were strongly associated with graft loss in multivariate analysis. The 3- and 5-year graft and patient survivals were similar. In conclusion, DDLT and LDLT have different complication profiles, but comparable hospital stays and survival rates. In areas of deceased donor organ shortages, LDLT offers an excellent alternative to DDLT because it facilitates access to a liver transplant without compromising short- or medium-term recipient outcomes.Transplant International 05/2013; 26(8). DOI:10.1111/tri.12127 · 3.16 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Inferior outcomes are consistently observed for recipients of liver retransplantation (re-LT) versus recipients of primary transplants. Few studies have examined the incidence and impact of biliary complications (BCs) on outcomes after re-LT. The aim of this study was to compare patient and graft survival for re-LT recipients with BCs (BC(+) ) and re-LT recipients without BCs (BC(-) ). Additional aims were to determine the impact of biliary reconstruction on the incidence of BCs and to identify risk factors for BCs after re-LT. A single-center, retrospective analysis of all re-LT recipients over a decade was performed. Univariate analyses were performed, and survival was compared with the log-rank method. A multivariate Cox regression analysis was performed to determine independent predictors of death and graft failure. The BC rate was 20.9% (n = 23) for 110 re-LT cases. The average follow-up was 55 months. The survival rates for BC(-) recipients at 3 months and 1, 3, and 5 years were 95.3%, 91.7%, 85.4%, and 80.9%, respectively, whereas BC(+) patients had survival rates of 64.3%, 49.7%, 34.8%, and 29.8%, respectively (P < 0.01, log-rank). The graft survival rates at 3 months and 1, 3, and 5 years were 92%, 88.5%, 82.4%, and 78%, respectively, for the BC(-) group and 60.9%, 43.5%, 30.4%, and 26.1%, respectively, for the BC(+) group (P < 0.01, log-rank). BCs, a length of stay ≥ 12 days, and donor age were strongly associated with death and graft failure in a regression analysis, whereas retransplant indications other than chronic rejection and recurrent disease also affected graft failure. In conclusion, BCs significantly affected both patient and graft survival, with an increased risk of death and graft loss among BC(+) recipients. Early recognition, appropriate interventions, and preventative measures for BCs are critical in the clinical management of re-LT recipients. Liver Transpl, 2013. © 2013 AASLD.Liver Transplantation 09/2013; 19(9). DOI:10.1002/lt.23696 · 3.79 Impact Factor