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Available from: Makoto Sugaya, Sep 15, 2014
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    ABSTRACT: Primary cutaneous aggressive epidermotropic CD8(+) T-cell lymphoma is a rare cytotoxic lymphoma characterized clinically by aggressive behavior and histologically by prominent epidermotropism of atypical CD8(+) lymphocytes. Despite the continuous addition of new case reports, no definite diagnostic criteria have been established, and an optimum treatment is still awaiting. Herein, we study and analyze the different clinical, histopathological, and immunohistochemical features described in the reported cases. Different therapeutic modalities and their impact on the prognosis of the tumor are also evaluated and presented. We propose two sets of diagnostic criteria. The first comprises constant clinical, histopathological, and immunohistochemical features that are always present in every case, and the combination of which is necessary for the diagnosis. The second set helps to avoid missing cases and includes variable features that may be present in some cases, and to which any emerging finding could be added. Although different therapeutic options have been used, either as single agents or in combinations, there is no standard therapy for primary cutaneous aggressive epidermotropic CD8(+) T-cell lymphoma and the tumor still represents a therapeutic challenge with very poor prognosis.
    Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology 01/2012; 67(4):748-59. DOI:10.1016/j.jaad.2011.07.043 · 4.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cutaneous involvement is frequent in adult T-cell leukaemia/lymphoma (ATLL), a peripheral T-cell neoplasm caused by human T-cell lymphotropic virus type I (HTLV-I). Patients with ATLL manifest different types of skin lesions, including nodules, plaques, ulcers, erythroderma and purpura. It has been reported that this type of skin eruption is an independent prognostic factor for ATLL. We report here a rare case of a 62-year-old Japanese woman with smouldering-type ATLL, first manifested by lichen planus-like skin lesions on the lower leg. This case report highlights the multiplicity of skin manifestations in ATLL.
    Acta Dermato-Venereologica 12/2012; 93(4). DOI:10.2340/00015555-1498 · 3.03 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) causes adult T-cell leukemia (ATL) after a long latency period of about 60 years. As the mature T-cell neoplasms that emerge in patients infected with HTLV-1 are often ATL, T-cell neoplasms developing in such patients tend to be diagnosed simply as ATL without further investigation. However, not all T-cell neoplasms that develop in HTLV-1-infected cases are ATL. Mature T-cell malignancies other than ATL should be carefully excluded in patients infected with HTLV-1, as these sometimes closely resemble ATL in their clinical, morphological, and histological features. Here, we present a case of peripheral T-cell lymphoma not otherwise specified (PTCL-NOS) in an HTLV-1 carrier. Confirmation of monoclonal integration of the virus with Southern blotting leads to a definite diagnosis of ATL. Although we did not detect the monoclonal integration band of HTLV-1 in this case, the high HTLV-1 proviral load complicated the diagnosis. Multicolor flow cytometric analysis clearly showed that HTLV-1 was not integrated in the tumor cells, and facilitated discrimination of PTCL-NOS from ATL.
    International journal of hematology 04/2013; 97(5). DOI:10.1007/s12185-013-1314-z · 1.92 Impact Factor
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