Aromatic pi-pi interaction mediated by a metal atom: structure and ionization of the bis(eta(6)-benzene)chromium-benzene cluster.

Department of Chemistry, KAIST, Daejeon 305-701, Republic of Korea.
Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics (Impact Factor: 3.83). 07/2010; 12(27):7648-53. DOI: 10.1039/b923929d
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Aromatic pi-pi interaction in the presence of a metal atom has been investigated experimentally and theoretically with the model system of bis(eta(6)-benzene)chromium-benzene cluster (Cr(Bz)(2)-Bz) in which a free solvating benzene is non-covalently attached to the benzene moiety of Cr(Bz)(2). One-photon mass-analyzed threshold ionization (MATI) spectroscopy and first principles calculations are employed to identify the structure of Cr(Bz)(2)-Bz which adopts the parallel-displaced configuration. The decrease in ionization potential for Cr(Bz)(2)-Bz compared with Cr(Bz)(2), resulting from the increase of the cation-pi stabilization energy upon ionization, is consistent with the parallel-displaced structure of the cluster. Theoretical calculations give the detailed cluster structures with associated energetics, thus revealing the nature of pi-pi-metal or pi-pi-cation interactions at the molecular level.

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    ABSTRACT: The IR-UV double resonance spectroscopy of phenylacetylene complexes with triazine, pyrazine and pyridine in the acetylene C-H group of phenylacetylene was investigated. These spectra indicate that in the complexes of triazine, pyrazine and pyridine the acetylenic group is minimally perturbed and the predominant interaction is with the π electron density of the phenyl ring of phenylacetylene. Geometries of the complexes optimized at M06-2X/aug-cc-pVDZ and MP2/aug-cc-pVDZ levels, combined with highly accurate energy calculations at the complete basis set (CBS) limit of CCSD(T), indicate the formation of π-stacked complexes in all the three cases. Additionally, a C-H...N hydrogen-bonded complex between pyridine and phenylacetylene was also observed. The present results indicate that N-heterocyclic aromatic rings favor formation of π-stacked complexes.
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