A Case of Pigmented Bowen's Disease

Department of Dermatology, Hanyang University Guri Hospital, Hanyang University College of Medicine, Guri, Korea.
Annals of Dermatology (Impact Factor: 1.39). 05/2009; 21(2):197-9. DOI: 10.5021/ad.2009.21.2.197
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Pigmented Bowen's disease is characterized by increased melanin pigment in the epidermis or papillary dermis, in addition to the typical findings of Bowen's disease. This disorder has been infrequently reported and it represents less than 2% of all cases of Bowen's disease. Thus far, there has been only 1 case of pigmented Bowen's disease on the umbilicus in the medical literature, and no such case has been reported in Korea. Pigmented Bowen's disease develops on sun-exposed areas of the face and neck, as well as sun-unexposed areas like the trunk, extremities, perianal area and umbilcus. A 36-year-old man presented with a 9-month history of solitary dark brown slithery or wavy plaque with a verrucous surface on the umbilicus, and the lesion measured 1 x 2 cm in size. The histopathologic findings showed hyperkeratosis, parakeratosis and atypical keratinocytes disorderly arranged throughout the epidermis. Increased melanin pigment was noted in the basal layer of the epidermis. From these findings, we diagnosed this lesion as pigmented Bowen's disease.

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    • "It has been suggested that neoplastic cells may produce specific factors or cytokines that induce proliferation of melanocytes and stimulate melanin synthesis [20]. Satter proposed that the pigmentation is due to the presence of an increased number of enlarged melanocytes with hypertrophic dendritic processes dispersed throughout the neoplasm [26]. "
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