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Elimination of malaria risk through integrated combination strategies in a tropical military training island.

Biodefence Center, Singapore Armed Forces, Singapore; Headquarters Army Medical Services, Singapore Armed Forces, Singapore.
The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene (Impact Factor: 2.53). 06/2010; 82(6):1024-9. DOI: 10.4269/ajtmh.2010.09-0562
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT On the military training facility of Tekong Island, Singapore, a comprehensive vector-borne disease control program was started in end-2006 to reduce mosquito populations and negate the need for anti-malaria chemoprophylaxis. The program was based on 1) preventing importation of malaria through screening of visitors, 2) preventing human-to-mosquito transmission through early case detection and mosquito control, 3) preventing mosquito-to-human transmission through personal protection, and 4) contingency plans. Systematic environmental works were performed to reduce breeding sites, and insecticide use targeted both adult mosquitoes and larvae. Mosquito populations declined from 103 mosquitoes per sampling site in January 2007 to 6 per site by March 2007 (P < 0.001). The proportion of positive ovitraps declined from 93% in January 2007-2% in March 2007 (P < 0.001). There were no malaria cases on the island despite chemoprophylaxis termination, showing that comprehensive combination vector-control strategies were effective in reducing the risk of malaria.

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