Selective Use of Embolic Protection Devices During Saphenous Vein Grafts Interventions: A Single-Center Experience

Peter Munk Cardiac Centre, University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions (Impact Factor: 2.11). 12/2009; 75(7):1037-44. DOI: 10.1002/ccd.22392
Source: PubMed


To report on outcomes with selective use of embolic protection devices (EPD) during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) to saphenous vein grafts (SVG).
PCI to SVG is associated with increased risk and the use of EPD is recommended in this setting. Methods: Angiographic and clinical outcomes were prospectively obtained from 534 consecutive patients who underwent PCI to SVG with or without EPD at a tertiary cardiac centre. Long-term outcomes were obtained by linkage to a provincial registry.
EPD, deployed in 198 of 373 SVGs (53%) suitable for deployment of a distal EPD, were used more often in ectatic (33% vs. 19%, P = 0.003), ulcerated (17% vs. 9%, P = 0.03), thrombotic (26% vs. 10%, P < 0.0001) vein grafts, with longer degenerated segments (P = 0.002), and in lesions involving the body of the graft (85% vs. 66%, P < 0.0001), and less with lesions involving the graft ostium (29% vs. 44%, P = 0.003). Patients suitable for but not receiving EPD tended to be more likely to have a periprocedural myocardial infarction. During 3 years of follow-up, 49% of the patients had a cardiovascular event. Cumulative mortality was 8.4%, 18.8% and 14.7% in patients unsuitable for distal EPD, suitable but without EPD, and with EPD (p = 0.11). Nonuse of EPD was an independent predictor of MACE at 3 years. (P = 0.02).
Selective use of EPD is associated with low in-hospital cardiovascular event rates. Long-term outcomes are manifested by a high rate of events, especially in patients with SVG's suitable for but not receiving EPD. This suggests that routine use of distal EPD may be warranted in unselected patients with suitable SVG anatomy.

Download full-text


Available from: Vladimir Dzavik, Mar 18, 2015
  • Source
    • "Some studies had revealed the benefit of the use of EPD in lowering in-hospital cardiovascular event rate and improving long-term outcomes.[8] The AHA/ACC guidelines suggested mandatory use of EPD in SVG graft PCI.[9] "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To investigate the procedure characteristics and long term follow-up of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for saphaneous vein graft (SVG) lesions in the elderly patients. From December 2005 to December 2011, 84 graft lesions were treated percutaneously. Seventeen were located at proximal anastomosis, 48 were located at SVG body, 19 were located at distal anastomosis. Primary endpoint was defined as major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE, composite of cardiac death, target vessel revascularization, acute myocardial infarction). The graft age was 6.7 ± 4.0 years. Most anastomosis lesions (80.0%) presented within one year post coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Proximal anastomosis lesion had the lowest successful rate for PCI compared with graft body and distal anastomosis lesions (70.6% vs. 91.7%, 79.0%, P < 0.05). The distal embolic protection device was used in 19.1% of patients, most frequently used in body graft PCI (29.2%, P < 0.01). The diameter of the stent was smallest in distal anastomosis group (2.9 ± 0.4 mm, P < 0.05). The highest post dilatation pressure was required in the proximal anastomosis (17.8 ± 2.7 atm, P < 0.05). The patients were followed up for 24.3 ± 16.9 months. MACE occurred in 18.57% of patients. Incidence of MACE was highest among proximal anastomosis PCI (47.1% vs. body graft PCI 16.7%, distal anastomosis PCI 21.1%; P < 0.05). Old myocardial infarction was the predictive factor for the poor clinical outcomes (P = 0.04). PCI of SVG lesions is feasible with lower success rate. PCI of ostial graft anastomosis lesions had the lowest procedure success rate and highest MACE rate compared with graft body and distal anastomosis lesions. Old myocardial infarction was a predictive factor of poor outcomes.
    Journal of Geriatric Cardiology 03/2014; 11(1):26-31. DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1671-5411.2014.01.010 · 1.40 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The development of recurrent symptoms following coronary artery bypass surgery, is unfortunately quite common, occurring early due to technical factors during the operation or late due to progressive native vessel or graft atherosclerosis. Percutaneous coronary intervention in the postcoronary artery bypass surgery patient, accounts for almost 20% of interventions performed in the USA. This group of patients is quite heterogeneous but some form of revascularization is frequently required with more risk and less benefit than with the initial procedure. Considerable thought is warranted when selecting the best of several options in order to achieve the most effective, durable revascularization possible, with an acceptable upfront risk.
    02/2012; 4(1):111-124. DOI:10.2217/ica.11.96
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In post-coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) patients undergoing drug-eluting stent implantation of either the saphenous vein graft (SVG) versus the native coronary artery supplying the same myocardial perfusion territory, which option confers better clinical outcomes when both lesions are technically feasible? From 2005 to 2008 at a single medical center, a total of 178 post-CABG patients (with 241 lesions) underwent PCI due to progressive SVG disease. Of them, 23 patients (with 29 lesions) had amenable disease for PCI in both the SVG and native coronary artery matching the same myocardial perfusion territory; chronic total occlusions were excluded. All patients included in the study were treated with drug-eluting stents. Sixteen patients (19 lesions) underwent PCI of the SVG, and 9 patients (10 lesions) underwent PCI in the native vessels. Primary endpoints were in-hospital and 3-year rates of death, myocardial infarction (MI), target lesion revascularization (TLR), and target vessel revascularization (TVR). There were 2 in-hospital MIs in the SVG-treated group and 0 for the native vessel-treated group. The 3-year clinical follow-up showed 3 MIs, 2 TLRs, 4 TVRs, and 6 deaths in the SVG-treated group; only 1 MI occurred in the native-vessel treated group (P=.02). More PCIs of the SVG were performed than in the native coronary artery (19 vs 10 lesions). This small study suggests improved clinical outcomes with PCI of the native vessel, but a tendency of operators to choose PCI of the SVG instead. Large, prospective, multicenter, randomized clinical trials with long-term follow-up can validate the advantage of selecting PCI of the native vessel over the SVG when both options are available.
    The Journal of invasive cardiology 10/2012; 24(10):516-20. · 0.95 Impact Factor
Show more