Integrated Positron Emission Tomography-Computed Tomography Does Not Accurately Stage Intrathoracic Disease of Patients Undergoing Trimodality Therapy for Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma
ABSTRACT The results of trimodality therapy for malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) are related to stage. Staging can be carried out by computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging and fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET), but all modalities suffer from limitations. We investigated whether integrated PET-CT improved the intrathoracic staging of patients undergoing trimodality therapy for MPM.
Twenty consecutive patients [18 male, median age 62 years (range 52-68)] who underwent 24 PET-CT scans prior to extrapleural pneumonectomy (EPP) as part of trimodality therapy for MPM were reviewed. The intrathoracic stage of MPM on PET-CT was compared with the pathological stage following examination of the resected specimen. Patients excluded from radical surgery due to metastatic disease were not studied here.
PET-CT was performed a median of 119 days (range 2-229) prior to EPP. 16 scans were performed after talc pleurodesis. Nine scans were performed following chemotherapy. PET-CT correctly identified the T stage in 3 patients, overstaged 4 and understaged 17. Six scans failed to identify disease that later proved to be pT4. Nine patients were found to have pN2 disease; PET-CT identified N2 disease with a sensitivity of 11.1 %, specificity of 93 % and accuracy of 66 %. Previous talc pleurodesis did not alter the accuracy of PET-CT staging.
In one of the few studies of integrated PET-CT in MPM that has complete pathological correlation we have shown that PET-CT does not accurately identify advanced tumor stage (T4) or mediastinal nodal disease (N2). The role of PET-CT staging prior to EPP lies outside the affected hemithorax.
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ABSTRACT: Malignant pleural mesothelioma is a fatal cancer developing in the pleural cavity, linked to asbestos exposure. Various therapies have been tried in the past 50 years including surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, immunotherapy and more recently, targeted therapy. Radical surgery remains controversial in malignant pleural mesothelioma and two procedures have been offered in the past to obtain maximal cytoreduction: extrapleural pneumonectomy (EPP) and pleurectomy/decortication (P/D). Despite growing evidence that EPP might be detrimental, many believe that radical surgery should still be part of multimodality therapy in patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma. Recent evidence suggests that P/D is well tolerated and produces low mortality and morbidity. The role of adjuvant intrapleural therapies remains to be determined and evaluated in large prospective trials. Pleurectomy/decortication does not jeopardize the chance of having chemotherapy, or chemoradiotherapy either. Many now believe that it should be the default procedure in multimodality regimens. However, this remains to be proven in a large randomized trial. Palliative surgery still has an important role to play in mesothelioma, in establishing or refining diagnosis and in controlling symptoms and improving quality of life in many patients whose life expectancy is limited. Recent progress in molecular analyses and biomarkers should help with patient selection for surgery, immunotherapy and systemic therapies in the near future.Lung cancer (Amsterdam, Netherlands) 02/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.lungcan.2014.01.021 · 3.74 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Purpose: The objective of this study was to determine the diagnostic value of computed tomography (CT) and positron emission tomography (PET)/CT for staging of malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) in patients undergoing induction chemotherapy. Methods: Sixty-two patients (median age, 61 years; female: n = 9) with proven MPM underwent CT after induction chemotherapy. Of these, 28 underwent additional PET/CT. Extrapleural pneumonectomy was performed for pathological TNM staging. Clinical TNM stage was assessed by 3 independent readers. Relative and absolute underestimation and overestimation were compared with pathological tumor stage. Sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy for differentiation between stages T2 and T3 were assessed. Interobserver agreement between the readers was analyzed ([kappa]). Results: Positron emission tomography/CT and CT underestimated T stage in up to 30% of the cases. Positron emission tomography/CT had a higher accuracy for tumor extent compared with CT (PET/CT: 0.92; CT: 0.84). The accuracy for nodal staging was higher for CT than for PET/CT (PET/CT: 0.78; CT: 0.87). Concerning International Mesothelioma Interest Group classification, PET/CT improved the accuracy of preoperative staging compared with CT (PET/CT: 0.91; CT: 0.82). Interobserver agreement was moderate for CT (0.48-0.62) and good for PET/CT (0.64-0.83) for T staging. For nodal staging, interobserver agreement was fair to moderate for CT and good for PET/CT (CT: 0.37-0.51; PET/CT: 0.73-0.76). Conclusions: Positron emission tomography/CT is more accurate and has a lower interobserver variability for clinical intrathoracic staging of MPM compared with CT. Nevertheless PET/CT underestimated tumor stage in a substantial number of cases, showing the need for a more accurate imaging technology or approach. CopyrightJournal of Computer Assisted Tomography 10/2014; 39(2). DOI:10.1097/RCT.0000000000000174 · 1.60 Impact Factor
Article: Imaging of Thoracic Cavity Tumors[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Computed tomography (CT) is the primary imaging modality for the diagnosis, staging, and follow-up of most thoracic cavity tumors. Fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/CT has established itself as a supplementary tool to CT in lung cancer staging and in the assessment for distant metastases of many thoracic tumors. Magnetic resonance imaging is an important adjunctive imaging modality in thoracic oncologic imaging and is used as a problem-solving tool to assess for chest wall invasion, intraspinal extension, and cardiac/vascular invasion. Imaging can facilitate minimally invasive biopsy of most thoracic tumors and is vital in the pretreatment planning of radiation therapy.Surgical Oncology Clinics of North America 10/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.soc.2014.06.005 · 1.67 Impact Factor