Environmental Perceptions of Rural South African Residents: The Complex Nature of Environmental Concern
ABSTRACT The state of the local environment shapes the well-being of millions of rural residents in developing nations. Still, we know little of these individuals' environmental perceptions. This study analyzes survey data collected in an impoverished, rural region in northeast South Africa, to understand the factors that shape concern with local environmental issues. We use the "post-materialist thesis" to explore the different explanations for environmental concern in less developed regions of the world, with results revealing the importance of both cultural and physical context. In particular, gendered interaction with natural resources shapes perceptions, as does the local setting. Both theoretical and policy implications are discussed.
Full-textDOI: · Available from: Wayne Twine, Aug 07, 2014
- SourceAvailable from: Charles A. Ogunbode
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- "Among sub-Saharan African societies, social-scientific assessments of the more proximate psychological predictors of environmental behavior, such as attitudes and concern, have found marked patterns in social dispositions. Contrary to popular arguments concerning the negative influence of austere socioeconomic circumstances on pro-environmentalism in low-income traditional societies (Van Liere and Dunlap 1980; Inglehart 1995), multi-national surveys have recorded high levels of environmental concern and activism in sub-Saharan Africa (Dunlap 1994; White and Hunter 2009; Hunter et al. 2010). Phenomena such as floods, droughts, erosion, and pollution are critical public concerns in Nigeria (Egunjobi 1993), and researchers have argued that positive environmental values, including an inclination toward nature preservation, are inherent in the traditions and culture of Nigerian society (Adeola 1996, 1998; Ogungbemi 1997). "
ABSTRACT: Given the significance of human behavior as a major driver of most environmental problems, it is generally agreed that efforts to promote global ecological and economic sustainability must now include attempts to understand public perceptions of, and attitudes toward, environmental issues. Research findings generally indicate that attitudes are important determinants of ecological behaviors, and over time, scientists have strived to develop sound measurement instruments for studying public environmental attitudes. Of these attitude measures, the New Ecological Paradigm (NEP) scale stands out as being the most widely accepted with documented validity and reliability. In this study, the NEP scale was used to examine environmental attitudes among 355 university students in Ibadan, Nigeria. Overall, the Nigerian students were found to have a lower endorsement of the pro-ecological ideologies included in the NEP compared with similar samples from other cultural contexts. However, a strong consensus was observed among the sample on the fragility of nature’s balance and possibility of eco-crisis facets of the NEP. The findings of the study are discussed in the context of relevant Nigerian social and cultural factors, and recommendations for future research are provided.Environment Development and Sustainability 03/2013; 15:1477-1494. DOI:10.1007/s10668-013-9446-0
- "Gosken and his colleagues (2002) reported the capacity to differentiate among environmental issues in their study in Turkey of the effects of the geographical proximity of an environmental problem on environmental attitudes and a willingness to pay to deal with that condition. Hunter and her associates (2009, 20) noted in their study of environmental perceptions of rural South Africans that among people and communities around the world " there may actually be more commonality than differences with regard to social and environmental concerns " . An additional factor, and one which has special relevance to South Africa, is that of race and ethnicity. "
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ABSTRACT: This study explores value change across cohorts for a multinational population sample. Employing a diffusion-of-innovations approach, we combine competing theories predicting the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and environmentalism: post-materialism and affluence theories, and global environmentalism theory. The diffusion argument suggests that high-SES groups first adopt pro-environmental views, but as time passes by, environmentalism diffuses to lower-SES groups. We test the diffusion argument using a sample of 18 countries for two waves (years 1993 and 2000) from the International Social Survey Project. Cross-classified multilevel modeling allows us to identify a nonlinear interaction between cohort and education, our core measure of SES, in predicting environmental concern, while controlling for age and period. We find support for the diffusion argument and demonstrate that the positive effect of education on environmental concern first increases among older cohorts and then starts to level off until a bend point is reached for individuals born around 1940 and becomes progressively weaker for younger cohorts.Population and Environment 09/2012; 35(1). DOI:10.1007/s11111-012-0182-4 · 1.46 Impact Factor