Reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome with posterior leucoencephalopathy after oral contraceptive pills
ABSTRACT Reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome (RCVS) is characterized by sudden-onset recurrent 'thunderclap' headaches with reversible multifocal narrowing of the cerebral arteries, often associated with focal neurological deficits from ischaemic or haemorrhagic stroke. It has been associated with exposure to vasoconstrictive drugs, pregnancy, migraine, and a variety of other conditions. Whereas the pathophysiology of RCVS remains unclear, changes in the levels of female hormones are considered important because RCVS predominantly affects women and is frequently associated with pregnancy. We report a patient with angiographically confirmed RCVS whose MRI showed reversible brain oedema, suggesting an overlap between RCVS and the reversible posterior leucoencephalopathy syndrome. The only identified risk factor was oral contraceptive pills started 1 month prior to onset, supporting a role for female reproductive hormones in precipitating this overlap syndrome.
- Der Nervenarzt 12/2010; 82(4):500, 502, 504-5. · 0.86 Impact Factor
- Der Nervenarzt 01/2011; 82(4):500-505. DOI:10.1007/s00115-010-3189-z · 0.86 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome (RCVS) is characterized by acute severe headache with or without additional neurological symptoms and reversible cerebral vasoconstriction. Unruptured aneurysm has been reported in some cases with RCVS. We report a severe case of a 53-year-old woman with RCVS having an unruptured cerebral aneurysm and presenting as cortical subarachnoid hemorrhage, reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome, and cerebral infarction. She was successfully treated with corticosteroids and a calcium channel blocker and the aneurysm was clipped. Her various complications are due to the responsible vasoconstriction that started distally and progressed towards proximal arteries. This case demonstrates the spectrum of presentations of RCVS, a clinically complicated condition.Internal Medicine 01/2011; 50(11):1227-33. DOI:10.2169/internalmedicine.50.4812 · 0.97 Impact Factor