Gene expression analysis on a photodiode array-based bioluminescence analyzer by using sensitivity-improved SRPP.
ABSTRACT Most methods used for gene expression analysis are based on dye-labeling, which requires costly instruments. Recently a dye-free gene expression analysis method-SRPP (Sequence-tagged reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction coupled with pyrosequencing) was developed to compare relative gene expression levels in different tissues, but the throughput of the SRPP assay is very limited due to the use of a photomultiplier tube (PMT)-based pyrosequencer for the detection. To increase the throughput of the SRPP assay, an inexpensive photodiode (PD) array-based bioluminescence analyzer (termed as "PD-based pyrosequencer") was coupled to SRPP; however the low sensitivity of PD limited the wide application of SRPP. To enable SRPP analyzing low abundance genes in clinical samples, sequence-tagged gene-specific primers instead of sequence-tagged poly (T)(n) primers were used for reverse-transcription, and the SRPP sensitivity was thus improved more than 10 times. This improvement compensates the sensitivity loss due to the use of PD in a pyrosequencer. The accurate determination of the expression levels of ten prognostic marker genes (AL080059, MMP9, EXT1, ORC6L, AF052162, C9orf30, FBXO31, IGFBP5, ESM1, and RUNDC1) differing between normal tissues and tumor tissues of breast cancer patients demonstrated that SRPP using gene-specific RT primers coupled with the PD array-based bioluminescence analyzer is reliable, inexpensive, and sensitive in gene expression analysis.
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ABSTRACT: Glioma is a rare, but highly fatal, cancer that accounts for the majority of malignant primary brain tumors. Inherited predisposition to glioma has been consistently observed within non-syndromic families. Our previous studies, which involved non-parametric and parametric linkage analyses, both yielded significant linkage peaks on chromosome 17q. Here, we use data from next generation and Sanger sequencing to identify familial glioma candidate genes and variants on chromosome 17q for further investigation. We applied a filtering schema to narrow the original list of 4830 annotated variants down to 21 very rare (<0.1% frequency), non-synonymous variants. Our findings implicate the MYO19 and KIF18B genes and rare variants in SPAG9 and RUNDC1 as candidates worthy of further investigation. Burden testing and functional studies are planned.
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ABSTRACT: Streptococcus suis (S. suis for short) can cause a variety of infections in pigs, and the infections have brought about great losses in the swine industry and some cases of deaths in human beings. In order to rapidly diagnose and control the infections of S. suis, we designed a pyrosequencing-based assay to identify the serotypes of S. suis. In the assay, pyrosequencing is used to genotype most of the pathogenic serotypes of S. suis by detecting five informative regions on the Chaperonin 60 (cpn60) gene and one species-specific region on the 16S rRNA gene, and further a few undistinguished serotypes by pyrosequencing were finely discriminated by multiplex PCR of serotype-specific fragments on the cps gene as well as species-specific fragments on the 16S rRNA gene. Through carefully designing the dispensing order of dNTP for each pyrosequencing reaction, the serotypes of S. suis could be discriminated by four pyrosequencing reactions within three hours. Five reference serotypes and three clinical strains were successfully detected and genotyped by our assay. The results indicated that our assay is a reliable, information-rich diagnostic method for the accurate detection ofS. suis serotypes.Analytical methods 11/2011; 3(11):2517-2523. DOI:10.1039/C1AY05285C · 1.94 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A portable bioluminescence analyser for detecting the DNA sequence of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) was developed by using a photodiode (PD) array. Pyrosequencing on eight genes (zSSIIb, Bt11 and Bt176 gene of genetically modified maize; Lectin, 35S-CTP4, CP4EPSPS, CaMV35S promoter and NOS terminator of the genetically modified Roundup ready soya) was successfully detected with this instrument. The corresponding limit of detection (LOD) was 0.01% with 35 PCR cycles. The maize and soya available from three different provenances in China were detected. The results indicate that pyrosequencing using the small size of the detector is a simple, inexpensive, and reliable way in a farm/field test of GMO analysis.Food Chemistry 07/2014; 154:78–83. DOI:10.1016/j.foodchem.2014.01.001 · 3.26 Impact Factor