Neoadjuvant therapy may lead to successful surgical resection and improved survival in patients with borderline resectable pancreatic cancer.
ABSTRACT Borderline resectable pancreatic cancers are technically amenable to surgical resection, but are associated with increased risk of locoregional recurrence. Patients with these tumours may be treated with neoadjuvant therapy in an attempt to improve margin-negative resection rates.
The University of Cincinnati Pancreatic Cancer Database was retrospectively reviewed. Borderline resectable disease was defined by the following radiographic criteria: (i) short segment occlusion of the superior mesenteric vein (SMV), portal vein (PV) or SMV/PV confluence; (ii) short segment hepatic artery encasement, or (iii) superior mesenteric artery/coeliac artery abutment of <180 degrees. Patients with resectable disease who had questionable metastatic disease or poor performance status were also included.
Twenty-nine patients met the criteria. Of these, 26 underwent a full course of neoadjuvant therapy. Twelve (46%) underwent surgical resection and 14 had tumour progression or were deemed unresectable at laparotomy. The most common neoadjuvant therapy regimen was gemcitabine-based chemotherapy alone (58%). Of those undergoing surgery, 67% had margin-negative (R0) resections and 42% required venous resection. Median survival was 15.5 months for unresected patients and 23.3 months for resected patients.
Borderline resectable pancreatic tumours can be treated neoadjuvantly, resulting in margin-negative resection and survival rates similar to those in initially resectable disease.
Article: Outcomes after resection of locally advanced or borderline resectable pancreatic cancer after neoadjuvant therapy.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Neoadjuvant treatment frequently is performed in unresectable/borderline resectable pancreatic cancer. The aim of this study was to retrospectively compare postoperative outcomes and survival of patients who underwent pancreatectomy after neoadjuvant treatment for locally advanced/borderline resectable pancreatic cancer (neoadjuvant treatment group) with those of patients with resectable disease who underwent upfront surgery. Between 2000 and 2008, there were 403 patients who underwent pancreatic cancer resection, 41 (10.1%) patients after neoadjuvant treatment for initially unresectable tumors and 362 (89.9%) patients had upfront surgery. Univariate and multivariable analyses were performed. Mortality/morbidity rates were similar in the 2 groups. Nodal metastases were significantly lower in the neoadjuvant treatment group (31.7% vs 86.2%; P < .001). A complete pathologic response was observed in 13.6% after neoadjuvant treatment. Median disease-specific survival from resection was 35 and 27 months in the neoadjuvant treatment and upfront groups, respectively (P = .74). In the neoadjuvant treatment group survival rates were similar in N0/N1 patients. Postoperative mortality and morbidity do not significantly increase after neoadjuvant treatment. Neoadjuvant treatment in locally advanced pancreatic cancer can lead to an objective pathologic response, but this does not significantly improve survival after resection.American journal of surgery 08/2011; 203(2):132-9. · 2.36 Impact Factor