Effect of Homocysteine-Lowering B Vitamin Treatment on Angiographic Progression of Coronary Artery Disease: A Western Norway B Vitamin Intervention Trial (WENBIT) Substudy

Institute of Medicine, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.
The American journal of cardiology (Impact Factor: 3.28). 06/2010; 105(11):1577-84. DOI: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2010.01.019
Source: PubMed


Total plasma homocysteine (tHcy) is an independent risk factor for coronary artery disease, and tHcy is lowered by B vitamins. To assess the effect of homocysteine-lowering B-vitamin treatment on angiographic progression of coronary artery disease, this substudy of the Western Norway B Vitamin Intervention Trial (WENBIT) included patients who had undergone percutaneous coronary intervention. The patients were randomized to daily oral treatment with folic acid, vitamin B(12), and vitamin B(6) or placebo in a 2 x 2 factorial design. The coronary angiograms obtained at baseline and follow-up were evaluated. The primary angiographic end points were the changes in minimum lumen diameter and diameter stenosis. A total of 348 subjects (288 men) with a mean +/- SD age of 60 +/- 10.2 years were followed up for a median of 10.5 months (twenty-fifth, seventy-fifth percentile 9.2, 11.8). The baseline median plasma tHcy level was 10.0 mumol/L (twenty-fifth, seventy-fifth percentile 8.1, 11.0), and treatment with folic acid/vitamin B(12) lowered the tHcy levels by 22%. At follow-up, we found 309 lesions with a significant decrease from baseline in the minimum lumen diameter of a mean of -0.16 +/- 0.4 mm and an increase in the diameter stenosis of 4.4 +/- 0.7%. Treatment with folic acid/vitamin B(12) or vitamin B(6) was not associated with a change in diameter stenosis or minimum lumen diameter. In a post hoc analysis, folic acid/vitamin B(12) treatment was significantly associated with rapid progression (odds ratio 1.84, 95% confidence interval 1.07 to 3.18). In conclusion, vitamin B treatment showed no beneficial effect on the angiographic progression of coronary artery disease, and the post hoc analyses suggested that folic acid/vitamin B(12) treatment might promote more rapid progression.

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    • "Treatment with B-vitamins, including folic acid and vitamin B12, has been shown to lower plasma homocysteine by supplying methyl groups for remethylation of homocysteine. More than 20 years of homocysteine studies have culminated in several large scale clinical intervention trials that have shown no effect on cardiovascular mortality from homocysteine-lowering folic acid supplementation [20,22-26]. "
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