Three-year outcomes of multivessel revascularization in very elderly acute coronary syndrome patients.

Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599-7065, USA.
The Annals of thoracic surgery (Impact Factor: 3.45). 06/2010; 89(6):1889-94; discussion 1894-5. DOI: 10.1016/j.athoracsur.2010.03.003
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Comparative effectiveness of interventional treatment strategies for the very elderly with acute coronary syndrome remains poorly defined due to study exclusions. Interventions include percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), usually with stents, or coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). The elderly are frequently directed to PCI because of provider perceptions that PCI is at therapeutic equipoise with CABG and that CABG incurs increased risk. We evaluated long-term outcomes of CABG versus PCI in a cohort of very elderly Medicare beneficiaries presenting with acute coronary syndrome.
Using Medicare claims data, we analyzed outcomes of multivessel PCI or CABG treatment for a cohort of 10,141 beneficiaries age 85 and older diagnosed with acute coronary syndrome in 2003 and 2004. The cohort was followed for survival and composite outcomes (death, repeat revascularization, stroke, acute myocardial infarction) for three years. Logistic regressions controlled for patient demographics and comorbidities with propensity score adjustment for procedure selection.
Percutaneous coronary intervention showed early benefits of lesser morbidity and mortality, but CABG outcomes improved relative to PCI outcomes by three years (p < 0.01). At 36 months post-initial revascularization, 66.0% of CABG recipients survived (versus 62.7% of PCI recipients, p < 0.05) and 46.1% of CABG recipients were free from composite outcome (versus 38.7% of PCI recipients, p < 0.01).
In very elderly patients with ACS and multivessel CAD, CABG appears to offer an advantage over PCI of survival and freedom from composite endpoint at three years. Optimizing the benefit of CABG in very elderly patients requires absence of significant congestive heart failure, lung disease, and peripheral vascular disease.

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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To use coronary revascularization choice to illustrate the application of a method simulating a treatment's effect on subsequent resource use. DATA SOURCES: Medicare inpatient and outpatient claims from 2002 to 2008 for patients receiving multivessel revascularization for symptomatic coronary disease in 2003-2004. STUDY DESIGN: This retrospective cohort study of 102,877 beneficiaries assessed survival, days in institutional settings, and Medicare payments for up to 6 years following receipt of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). METHODS: A three-part estimator designed to provide robust estimates of a treatment's effect in the setting of mortality and censored follow-up was used. The estimator decomposes the treatment effect into effects attributable to survival differences versus treatment-related intensity of resource use. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: After adjustment, on average CABG recipients survived 23 days longer, spent an 11 additional days in institutional settings, and had cumulative Medicare payments that were $12,834 higher than PCI recipients. The majority of the differences in institutional days and payments were due to intensity rather than survival effects. CONCLUSIONS: In this example, the survival benefit from CABG was modest and the resource implications were substantial, although further adjustments for treatment selection are needed.
    Health Services Research 01/2013; · 2.49 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: With the increase in life expectancy, the proportion of very elderly people is increasing. Coronary artery disease (CAD) is an important cause of mortality and morbidity in this age group, for which myocardial revascularization is often indicated. Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in the very elderly bears the inherent risks of complications and mortality, but the potential benefits may outweigh these risks. A number of observational studies, registries, and few randomized controlled trials have shown the safety and feasibility of PCI in octogenarians and nonagenarians. However, PCI is only rarely done in centenarians; so, the outcome of percutaneous coronary revascularization in this age group is largely unknown. PCI in a centenarian with complex CAD is described here; the patient presented with unstable angina despite optimum medical therapy, and surgery was declined. Good angiographic success was followed by non-cardiac complications, which were managed with a multidisciplinary approach.
    Korean Circulation Journal 03/2014; 44(2):113-7.
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    ABSTRACT: Background: The aims of this study are (1) to investigate the occurrence rate of postoperative complications in patients ≥ 80 years old after cardiac surgery and (2) to elucidate the impact of the most common postoperative complications on mortality.Methods: Between January 1998 and December 2007, 649 patients aged over 80 years received isolated first-time coronary artery bypass graft (CABG), isolated aortic valve replacement (AVR) or a combination of both in our institute. Prospectively entered patient data were analyzed with respect to major complications and outcome parameters.Results: Acute renal failure (55.0% vs. 7.5%, p = 0.0001), low cardiac out-put syndrome (43.1% vs. 8.8%, p = 0.0001), sepsis (52.0% vs. 10.3%, p = 0.0001), prolonged respiratory failure with tracheotomy (29.0% vs. 11.0%, p = 0.002), re-thoracotomy due to bleeding (26.9% vs. 10.6%, p = 0.0001), and postoperative laparotomy (30.8% vs. 11.5%, p = 0.033) had a significant impact on mortality. A multivariate analysis revealed that advanced age (OR 1.130, 95%CI; 1.017-1.256, p = 0.023), low output syndrome (OR 5.094, 95%CI; 1.1635-15.871, p = 0.005), renal failure (OR 8.128, 95%CI; 3.347-19.742, p = 0.0001) and sepsis (OR 4.975, 95%CI; 1.420-17.426, p = 0.012) as independent risk factors.Conclusions: The present study demonstrates that among major complications, low output syndrome, renal failure requiring renal replacement therapy and sepsis, dramatically impaired the postoperative course patients aged over 80 years undergoing CABG, AVR or combined CABG and AVR.
    Annals of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery : official journal of the Association of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeons of Asia. 07/2013;

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