A Deathly DNase Activity for Dicer
ABSTRACT Recently reporting in Science, Nakagawa et al. describe an unexpected role for Dicer in chromosome fragmentation during apoptosis in C. elegans. They find that cleavage of DCR-1 by the caspase CED-3 redirects its regulatory activity, by destroying its dsRNase activity while activating an intrinsic DNase activity.
- SourceAvailable from: Sadegh Jamalkandi Azimzadeh[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: In this review, the pathways involving small RNAs are provided followed by a new and updated network that illustrates their interplay with diverse cellular mechanisms in Caenorhabditis elegans. The RNA silencing pathways are now recognized as key factors that connect together the many variations in biological processes, including transcriptional gene regulation, post-transcriptional gene silencing, translational gene silencing, apoptosis, meiosis, and antiviral defense. The utilization of small RNAs represents a specific, energy conserving, and fast mechanism of gene regulation via a core system known as RNA interference.Functional & Integrative Genomics 09/2011; 11(3):389-405. DOI:10.1007/s10142-011-0236-1 · 2.69 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Microplitis bicoloratus parasitism induction of apoptotic DNA fragmentation of host Spodoptera litura hemocytes has been reported. However, how M. bicoloratus parasitism regulates the host signaling pathways to induce DNA fragmentation during apoptosis remains unclear. To address this question, we performed a new RNAseq-based comparative analysis of the hemocytes transcriptomes of non-parasitized and parasitized S. litura. We were able to assemble a total of more than 11.63 Gbp sequence, to yield 20,571 unigenes. At least six main protein families encoded by M. bicoloratus bracovirus are expressed in the parasitized host hemocytes: Ankyrin-repeat, Ben domain, C-type lectin, Egf-like and Mucin-like, protein tyrosine phosphatase. The analysis indicated that during DNA fragmentation and cell death, 299 genes were up-regulated and 2,441 genes were down-regulated. Data on five signaling pathways related with cell death, the gap junctions, Ca2+, PI3K/Akt, NF-κB, ATM/p53 revealed that CypD, which is involved in forming a Permeability Transition Pore Complex (PTPC) to alter mitochondrial membrane permeabilization (MMP), was dramatically up-regulated. The qRT-PCR also provided that the key genes for cell survival were down-regulated under M. bicoloratus parasitism, including those encoding Inx1, Inx2 and Inx3 of the gap junction signaling pathway, p110 subunit of the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway, and the p50 and p65 subunit of the NF-κB signaling pathway. These findings suggest that M. bicoloratus parasitism may regulate host mitochondria to trigger internucleosomal DNA fragmentation. This study will facilitate the identification of immunosuppression-related genes and also improves our understanding of molecular mechanisms underlying polydnavirus-parasitoid-host interaction.PLoS ONE 10/2014; 9(10):e110967. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0110967 · 3.53 Impact Factor