The safety and efficacy of weekly paclitaxel in combination with carboplatin for advanced non-small cell lung cancer with idiopathic interstitial pneumonias.
ABSTRACT Idiopathic interstitial pneumonias (IIPs) are one of the most common complications in patients with lung cancer. In lung cancer patients with IIP, the most serious toxicity is acute exacerbation of IIP caused by anticancer treatment in Japan. However, there has been no consensus and no evidence presented, regarding optimal treatment for advanced lung cancer with IIP.
Chemotherapy-naïve patients of inoperable stage, or post-operative recurrent non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with IIPs were enrolled. Patients received paclitaxel at a dose of 100mg/m(2) on Days 1, 8, 15, and carboplatin every 28 days at a target dose of area under the curve (AUC) 5.0 on Day 1.
Between May 2004 and October 2008, 18 patients, including 6 with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), were enrolled and treated for a median of four cycles (range, 1-6). One patient (5.6%; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0-17%) with histologically confirmed IPF had acute exacerbation of IIPs associated with the treatment. The overall response rate was 61% (95% CI, 36-86%). The median progression-free survival, median survival time, and 1-year survival rate were 5.3 months, 10.6 months, and 22%, respectively.
This is the first report indicating that advanced NSCLC patients with IIP may benefit from chemotherapy. Weekly paclitaxel and carboplatin combination chemotherapy was as effective as conventional regimens in advanced NSCLC patients without IIP and was safer than previously reported for NSCLC patients with IIP. The results from this study would support, on ethical grounds, the conduct of a large-scale study to confirm the feasibility of this regimen.
Article: Safety of postoperative administration of human urinary trypsin inhibitor in lung cancer patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) undergoing pulmonary resection for lung cancer carry risks of acute exacerbations of IPF (AE) postoperatively. Currently, agents which may attenuate AE are actively sought. Urinary trypsin inhibitor, ulinastatin, is a synthetic glycoprotein which may potentially inhibit various inflammatory factors associated with the development and progression of IPF. The present study was done to evaluate the effects of administration of high dose ulinastatin in lung cancer patients with IPF immediately following lung resection. Patients with IPFs radiologically diagnosed on high resolution CT, and histologically diagnosed resectable lung cancers, were eligible for the study. The effects of escalating doses of ulinastatin 3×10(5), 6×10(5), and 9×10(5) units/body/day, administered postoperatively for 3 days were evaluated. The endpoints were safety and feasibility. Nine patients were evaluated, in cohorts of 3 patients per dosage. Postoperative follow up ranged from 3 to 12 months (median 9 months). The postoperative courses were uneventful in all patients. No subjective adverse events such as abdominal symptoms or skin rashes, or objective adverse events as per serum laboratory tests, such as liver or kidney dysfunctions potentially attributable to ulinastatin administration were observed. AE was seen in one patient at 3 months after surgery, but since this occurred shortly after administration of chemotherapy, it was considered to be attributable to the chemotherapy rather than surgery. Ulinastatin administration after lung resection in lung cancer patients with IPF was considered to be safe and feasible. Further study is planned at the highest dose of this study to evaluate efficacy. UMIN.ac.jp/ctr/UMIN000002410.PLoS ONE 01/2011; 6(12):e29053. · 4.09 Impact Factor