Indirubin shows anti-angiogenic activity in an in vivo zebrafish model and an in vitro HUVEC model.
ABSTRACT Indirubin is an active ingredient of the traditional Chinese medicine, Dang Gui Long Hui Wan, commonly used for the treatment of chronic myelocytic leukemia (CML) and other inflammatory conditions. These anti-leukemic and anti-inflammatory activities may be mediated by anti-angiogenic action. To investigate the anti-angiogenic activity of indirubin, we tested its inhibitory effect on blood vessel formation in zebrafish embryos and on endothelial cell proliferation in culture.
The anti-angiogenic activity of indirubin was tested using transgenic zebrafish embryos with fluorescent vasculature and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Apoptosis was analyzed with a terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) assay.
Indirubin dose-dependently inhibited intersegmental vessel formation in zebrafish embryos. It also inhibited HUVEC proliferation by the induction of cellular apoptosis and cell-cycle arrest at the G0/G1 phase.
The anti-angiogenic activity of indirubin may partly contribute to its anti-leukemic and anti-psoriatic properties and may be valuable for the treatment of diseases with excessive angiogenesis. The zebrafish model of angiogenesis was further validated in this study.
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ABSTRACT: Important bioactive molecules are molecules that are pharmacologically active derived from natural sources and through chemical synthesis. Over the years many of such molecules have been discovered through bioprospective endeavours. The discovery of taxol from the pacific yew tree bark that has the ability in stabilising cellular microtubules represents one of the hallmarks of success of such endeavours. In recent years, the discovery process has been aided by the rapid development of techniques and technologies in chemistry and biotechnology. The progress in advanced genetics and computational biology has also transformed the way hypotheses are formulated as well as the strategies for drug discovery. Of equal importance is the use of advanced drug delivery vehicles in enhancing the efficacy and bioavailability of bioactive molecules. The availability of suitable animal models for testing and validation is yet another major determinant in increasing the prospect for clinical trials of bioactive molecules. IeJSME 2013 7 (Suppl 1): S32-46International e-Journal of Science, Medicine & Education. 04/2013; 7(Suppl 1):32-46.