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Elastase, α1-proteinase inhibitor, and interleukin-8 in pre-dialyzed and hemodialyzed patients with chronic kidney disease.

3rd Department and Clinics of Pediatrics, Immunology and Rheumatology of Developmental Age, Medical University of Wroclaw, Wroclaw, Poland.
Pediatrics International (Impact Factor: 0.88). 10/2010; 52(5):735-43. DOI: 10.1111/j.1442-200X.2010.03162.x
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Neutrophil elastase in complex with α(1) -proteinase inhibitor (NE-α(1) PI) and interleukin (IL)-8 may serve as indicators of neutrophil activation and inflammatory stage. The aim of the study was to evaluate NE-α(1) PI, α(1)-PI, and IL-8 levels in the blood of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) undergoing hemodialysis (HD) or conservatively treated (CT). The influence of a single HD session on the investigated parameters was also assessed.
Blood samples were obtained from two groups of hemodialyzed patients (children/young adults [group HD1, n = 8] and adults [group HD2, n = 13]), as well as 13 CT patients and a group of healthy subjects. The proteins were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay or radial immunodiffusion.
There were no significant differences in NE-α(1) PI, α(1)-PI, and IL-8 concentrations between the HD1 and HD2 patients. The levels of NE-α(1) PI were considerably higher than normal in both groups of HD patients (before and after the HD session) and in the CT patients. Higher titers of NE-α(1) PI (P < 0.05) and α(1)-PI (P < 0.01) were obtained in the adults during the course of HD. Increased NE-α(1) PI was positively correlated with α(1)-PI. The serum concentration of IL-8 was significantly higher in the HD2 patients before and after dialysis than in the controls.
The data indicate that in CKD patients, neutrophils are highly activated both in the pre-dialyzed period and on regular HD. Contact with the dialysis membrane during HD causes a significant increase in blood NE-α(1) PI and α(1)-PI in adults, but not in children/young adults. NE-α(1) PI seems to be a much better indicator of an inflammatory state in CKD patients than free α(1)-PI or IL-8.

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    ABSTRACT: Peritoneal dialysis is one of the main modality of treatment in end-stage kidney diseases (ESKD) in children. In our previous work in chronic kidney disease patients, in pre-dialyzed period and on hemodialysis, the neutrophils were highly activated. The aim of this study was to assess an inflammatory condition and neutrophil activation in ESKD patients undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). Thirteen CAPD patients without infection, both sexes, aged 2.5-24 years, and group of healthy subjects (C) were studied. For comparative purposes the conservatively treated (CT) group of ESKD patients was included. Neutrophil elastase in complex with α1-proteinase inhibitor (NE-α1PI; ELISA), α1-proteinase inhibitor (α1PI; radial immunodiffusion) and interleukin-8 (IL-8; ELISA) were measured in the blood samples from CAPD, CT, and C group and in the peritoneal dialysate fluid (PDF) samples of patients on CAPD. A significantly increased plasma NE-α1PI levels (median 176.5 μg/L, range 85.2-373.2 μg/L; p < 0.00005), serum IL-8 (median 18.6 pg/mL, range 15.73-35.28 pg/mL; p < 0.05), and slightly decreased serum α1PI (median 1,540 mg/L, range 1,270-1,955; p ≤ 0.05) compared to the control groups were found. There were no significant differences of analyzed parameters between CAPD and CT patients. The concentration ratio of NE-α1PI, α1PI and IL-8 in blood/PDF was 29.97, 8.24, and 4.48, respectively. There were significantly positive correlations between serum and PDF concentration of α1PI and IL-8 (r = 0.613, p < 0.05; r = 0.59; p < 0.005, respectively). The results of our study demonstrate that neutrophils are highly activated in non-infected CAPD patients. The pivotal marker of this activation is NE-α1PI. It may contribute to chronic inflammation and tissues injury.
    Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis 11/2013; · 2.38 Impact Factor

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