Functional outcome and quality of life after stapled transanal rectal resection for obstructed defecation syndrome.

Department of Surgery, Kantonsspital St Gallen, St Gallen, Switzerland.
Diseases of the Colon & Rectum (Impact Factor: 3.34). 06/2010; 53(6):881-8. DOI: 10.1007/DCR.0b013e3181cdb445
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Clinical studies have demonstrated that stapled transanal rectal resection with Contour Transtar (Transtar procedure) is a safe and effective treatment for patients with obstructive defecation syndrome. The aim of this study was to determine functional outcome and quality of life after the procedure.
Female patients with obstructive defecation syndrome were enrolled prospectively for the Transtar procedure. Intussusception and anterior rectocele were confirmed by clinical investigation and by magnetic resonance defecography. Functional outcome was measured by obstructed defecation syndrome score, severity of symptoms score, and Wexner score preoperatively and postoperatively. Quality of life was assessed by the Cleveland Clinic constipation score, the fecal incontinence quality of life scale, and the SF-36v2 health survey.
Between January 2007 and November 2008, 52 consecutive patients (median age: 64 years) were included in the study. Before the surgery, 12 patients experienced fecal incontinence. Functional scores improved significantly: 6 weeks after surgery, the obstructed defecation syndrome score decreased from a median of 16 (range, 9-22) to 5 (range, 2-10) and the severity of symptoms score, from 16 (range, 9-21) to 4 (range, 0-9) (each P < .0001). After 6 weeks, 10 patients had fecal incontinence and 12 patients experienced fecal urgency. At 3 months, 6 patients were still incontinent, 3 of whom were treated successfully with sacral neuromodulation. Fecal urgency resolved in all cases after 6 months. Quality of life improved, particularly in the mental components.
Despite the described postoperative symptoms, most of which can be treated conservatively, the Transtar procedure is an effective treatment for patients with obstructive defecation syndrome and improves quality of life significantly.

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    ABSTRACT: Background Despite advances in treatment of obstructed defecation syndrome (ODS), no single therapy has been tolerated by all patients. Recently, stapled transanal rectal resection (STARR) has been shown to be a time-saving and relatively easy procedure for treatment of ODS with increasing acceptance by both the patient and surgeon. Our study indeed aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of STARR in patients with ODS due to anatomic abnormalities. Methods Fifty consecutive patients with ODS due to symptomatic rectal intussusceptions or rectocele were enrolled in this study. Preoperatively, all patients underwent rectosigmoidoscopy and defecography. All the patients with ODS score ³ 9 and rectal intussusceptions and/or rectocele with failure of at least 6 months medical treatment underwent STARR. Wexner incontinence score, ODS score, and Wexner score for severity of constipation were measured for each patient before and after the surgery. Results Mean ± standard deviation (SD) age of patients was 48.1 ± 1.1 years. Mean ± SD Longo score was 14.7 ± 0.9 before the procedure and 4.3 ± 0.7 after the procedure, which revealed statistically significant difference (p < 0.0001). The mean ± SD Wexner incontinence score was 0.6 ± 0.2 and 1.2 ± 0.3 before and after the STARR, respectively, which did not differ significantly (p = 0.1). However, Wexner constipation score revealed significant improvement after the surgery (13.9 ± 0.6 before the surgery vs. 3.4 ± 0.5 after the surgery; p < 0.0001). Conclusions STARR in patients with ODS due to rectocele or intussusceptions is associated with higher patient’s satisfaction and improvement in constipation, incontinency, and defecation score. STARR may be considered an alternative therapeutic option in ODSs with no desired response to other treatments.
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Short hospitalization surgery is cost effective and convenient for both patients and healthcare system. Stapled Transanal Rectal Resection (STARR) conducted with the new curved device, Contour Transtar, has proved an effective and safe procedure for treatment of obstructed defecation syndrome. The aim of this study was to determine the safety and feasibility of STARR, performed as a day-case procedure. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective review was performed of all STARR performed as day-case surgery between September 2009 and February 2011. The entire study (intervention, data collection and data analysis) was conducted at the One-day Surgery Unit of the St. Andrea Hospital, Rome, Italy. All patients with surgical indication to STARR for the presence of an obstructed defecation syndrome were included in the study. We excluded from day-case protocol, patients over 65 years old, with an ASA score of III-IV or with a BMI over 35. The surgical technique reflects the original technique proposed by Antonio Longo with the exception of the longitudinal prolapse opening, which was created with the use of an electric scalpel between two Kocher clamps and not by an application of Transtar stapler. To evaluate the feasibility and safety of performing this procedure with short hospitalization, we investigated the presence and the time of presentation of post-operative complications. RESULTS: Eighty-nine patients underwent STARR as a day-case regimen, and none presented major complications or required an extension of hospital stay or readmission. CONCLUSIONS: STARR performed with Contour Transtar, in selected patients, is safe and feasible in day-case regimen if performed by expert surgeons and in a structure that allows the physician to keep the patient hospitalized or to re-admit and promptly treat those patients who present major surgical complication.
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    ABSTRACT: Stapled Transanal Rectal Resection (STARR) performed using CCS-30 Contour Transtar™ despite its recent introduction seems to be an effective surgical procedure to treat obstructed defecation syndrome. The major constraint of this procedure is the need to open the prolapse longitudinally using the CCS-30. This is often difficult and can lead to an inadequate or spiralling resection. Our modified technique, presented in this paper, creates the prolapse opening with an electric scalpel between two Kocher clamps, placed to grab the whole prolapsed tissue at 2 and 4 o'clock, respectively. The results of the first 83 procedures confirm that this technique allows the surgeon to simplify the prolapse's longitudinal opening and especially the first loading of the tissue between the CCS-30 jaws, which is necessary to start the circular resection, as confirmed by the absence of spiralling and major complications in this series.
    The surgeon: journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland 11/2012; · 1.97 Impact Factor