Beneficial Effects of 5-Fluorouracil and Heparin-Based Portal Infusion Chemotherapy Combined with Mitomycin C and Cisplatin after Curative Resection of Pancreatic Cancer

Department of Surgery at Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.
Pancreatology (Impact Factor: 2.84). 06/2010; 10(2-3):250-8. DOI: 10.1159/000244265
Source: PubMed


We retrospectively assessed the benefits of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)- and heparin-based portal infusion chemotherapy combined with systemic administration of mitomycin C (MMC) and cisplatin (CDDP) for 4 weeks following surgery (PI4W). The goal was to determine if this treatment prevented liver metastasis and improved survival for patients with potentially curative resection of pancreatic cancer.
68 patients who underwent pancreatectomy from January 1995 to August 2007 were treated. Of these cases, 22 patients received portal infusion with 5-FU (250 mg/day) for 2 weeks (PI2W) following surgery, while 25 patients received PI4W therapy (250 mg/day of 5-FU with 2,000 IU/day of heparin everyday for 4 weeks, 4 mg MMC on days 6, 13, 20, 27, and 10 mg CDDP on days 7, 14, 21, 28). The remaining 21 patients were treated without adjuvant therapy during the perioperative period.
All patients except one completed the portal infusion chemotherapy without toxicity. The cumulative liver metastasis-free survival rate in the PI4W group was significantly higher than those in the other two groups. Furthermore, in the PI4W group, 3-year survival was 91.6% and 5-year survival was 70.5%, rates which were significantly better than those observed in the other two groups.
PI4W therapy after surgery is feasible and could become a promising adjuvant therapy in patients with potentially curative resection of pancreatic cancer. and IAP.

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