Reduced renal clearance of a zwitterionic substrate cephalexin in MATE1-deficient mice.
ABSTRACT Multidrug and toxin extrusion 1 (MATE1/solute carrier 47A1) mediates the transport of not only organic cations but also zwitterions such as cephalexin. However, the contribution of MATE1 to tubular secretion of cephalexin in vivo has not been elucidated. In the present study, we carried out transport experiments of cephalexin via MATE1 and performed pharmacokinetic analyses of cephalexin in Mate1 knockout [Mate1(-/-)] mice. Cephalexin uptake by human MATE1-expressing human embryonic kidney 293 cells exhibited saturable kinetics (K(m) = 5.9 +/- 0.5 mM) and a bell-shaped pH profile with a maximum at pH 7.0. We confirmed that mouse MATE1 also transported cephalexin. After a single intravenous administration of cephalexin (5 mg/kg), Mate1(-/-) mice showed higher plasma concentrations of cephalexin than wild-type [Mate1(+/+)] mice. The urinary excretion of cephalexin for 60 min was significantly reduced, and the renal concentration was markedly increased in Mate1(-/-) mice compared with Mate1(+/+) mice. The renal clearance of cephalexin in Mate1(-/-) mice was approximately 60% of that in Mate1(+/+) mice and seemed to be near the creatinine clearance. In contrast, there were no significant differences between both mice in the pharmacokinetics of anionic cefazolin, which is not a substrate for MATE1. In this study, we demonstrated that MATE1 is responsible for renal tubular secretion of a zwitterionic substrate cephalexin in vivo.
- SourceAvailable from: Ken-ichi Inui[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The renal organic cation transport system mediates the tubular secretion of cationic compounds including drugs, toxins and endogenous metabolites into urine. It consists of a membrane potential-dependent organic cation transporter at the basolateral membrane and an H(+) /organic cation antiporter at the brush-border membrane. In 2005, human multidrug and toxin extrusion MATE1/SLC47A1 was identified as a mammalian homologue of bacterial NorM. Thereafter, human MATE2-K/SLC47A2 and rodent MATE were found. Functional characterization revealed that MATE1 and MATE2-K were H(+) /organic cation antiporter, mediating the renal tubular secretion of cationic drugs in cooperation with the basolateral organic cation transporter OCT2. Recently, substrate specificity, transcription mechanisms, structure, polymorphisms, in vivo contributions and clinical outcomes on MATE have been investigated intensively. In this review, we summarize recent findings on MATE1/SLC47A1 and MATE2-K/SLC47A2 and discuss the importance of these transporters to the pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics/toxicodynamics and pharmacogenomics of cationic drugs.British Journal of Pharmacology 04/2011; 164(7):1817-25. · 5.07 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Multidrug and toxin extrusion 1 (MATE1/SLC47A1) is expressed in the brush-border membrane of renal proximal tubules and mediates the efflux of cationic drugs. In the present study, the role of MATE1 in the nephrotoxicity of cisplatin was investigated in vivo and in vitro. Cisplatin (15mg/kg) was administered intraperitoneally to wild-type (Mate1(+/+)) and Mate1 knockout (Mate1(-/-)) mice. Lifespan was significantly shorter in Mate1(-/-) mice than Mate1(+/+) mice. Three days after the administration of cisplatin, plasma creatinine and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) levels were increased in both Mate1(+/+) and Mate1(-/-) mice compared with vehicle-treated controls, and creatinine clearance was decreased. Moreover, a significant rise in creatinine and BUN levels was observed in cisplatin-treated Mate1(-/-) mice in comparison to Mate1(+/+) mice. A pharmacokinetic analysis revealed the plasma concentration and renal accumulation of cisplatin to be higher in Mate1(-/-) mice than Mate1(+/+) mice 1h after a single intravenous administration of cisplatin (0.5mg/kg). Furthermore, the combination of a selective MATE inhibitor, pyrimethamine, with cisplatin also elevated creatinine and BUN levels compared to cisplatin alone. In experiments in vitro, the cellular uptake of cisplatin was stimulated by the expression of mouse MATE1 as well as organic cation transporters OCT1 and OCT2. In conclusion, MATE1 mediates the efflux of cisplatin and is involved in cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity.Biochemical pharmacology 12/2010; 80(11):1762-7. · 4.25 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Multidrug and toxin extrusion 2 (MATE2-K (SLC47A2)), a polyspecific organic cation exporter, facilitates the renal elimination of the antidiabetes drug metformin. In this study, we characterized genetic variants of MATE2-K, determined their association with metformin response, and elucidated their impact by means of a comparative protein structure model. Four nonsynonymous variants and four variants in the MATE2-K basal promoter region were identified from ethnically diverse populations. Two nonsynonymous variants-c.485C>T and c.1177G>A-were shown to be associated with significantly lower metformin uptake and reduction in protein expression levels. MATE2-K basal promoter haplotypes containing the most common variant, g.-130G>A (>26% allele frequency), were associated with a significant increase in luciferase activities and reduced binding to the transcriptional repressor myeloid zinc finger 1 (MZF-1). Patients with diabetes who were homozygous for g.-130A had a significantly poorer response to metformin treatment, assessed as relative change in glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) (-0.027 (-0.076, 0.033)), as compared with carriers of the reference allele, g.-130G (-0.15 (-0.17, -0.13)) (P=0.002). Our study showed that MATE2-K plays a role in the antidiabetes response to metformin.Clinical Pharmacology & Therapeutics 09/2011; 90(5):674-84. · 6.85 Impact Factor