Characteristics of patients receiving allergy vaccination: to which extent do socio-economic factors play a role?

Institute of Public Health-Health Economics, University of Southern Denmark, Odense C, Denmark.
The European Journal of Public Health (Impact Factor: 2.59). 06/2011; 21(3):323-8. DOI: 10.1093/eurpub/ckq063
Source: PubMed


Little is known about characteristics of patients receiving allergen-specific immunotherapy. Identifying obstacles to appropriate treatment according to guidelines may facilitate the development of strategies aiming at improved treatment of patients with allergic respiratory diseases. The objective of this study was to investigate differences in disease severity, demographic and socioeconomic status between allergic rhinitis patients receiving allergen-specific immunotherapy and allergic rhinitis patients not receiving allergen-specific immunotherapy.
A total of 366 patients were studied of whom 210 were going to receive subcutaneously administrated immunotherapy (SIT) against grass pollen and/or house dust mite allergy. The severity of rhino-conjunctivitis (hay fever) and/or asthma was classified according to international guidelines. The questionnaires included an EQ-5D visual analogue scale instrument and some socio-economic questions.
Severity of disease, young age, high level of education as well as greater perceived impairment of health-related quality of life due to allergic symptoms were significantly associated with use of SIT. Somewhat unexpectedly, household income was not associated with use of SIT.
Use of SIT was associated with both disease severity measures and educational level, but not income level. These results suggest social inequality as reflected by lower use of SIT among patients with lower educational level may represent an obstacle to treatment with SIT.

Download full-text


Available from: Christian Kronborg, Oct 05, 2015
10 Reads
  • Source
    • "In this study three different but very relevant instruments were applied to elucidate the HRQoL scores. As observed in other studies, the ED-5D detected a greater difference in HRQol-score as compared to the 15D instrument [19,20,28,29]. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: One fourth of the adult population in Europe suffer from respiratory allergy. Subcutaneous-allergen-specific-immunotherapy (SCIT) has long-term disease modifying effect on disease specific Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL). The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of SCIT on alternative disease outcomes in patients with grass-pollen and/or house dust mite induced allergic rhino-conjunctivitis and/or an asthma diagnosis. Focus was on expressing outcomes in terms of generic quality of life (Quality-Adjusted-Life-Years (QALY)) and reductions in sick days. The study was a multi-centre study with prospective follow-up. 248 patients were initiated on SCIT. The disease specific Rhino-conjunctivitis Quality of Life Questionnaire (RQLQ) and two generic (HRQoL) instruments 15D and EQ-5D were used at baseline and at follow-up. The outcome measures included change in; disease severity, RQLQ-scores, number of days with symptoms- and number of sick days per year and finally changes in generic HRQoL and thus, QALY. Disease severity was assessed by specialist doctors; severity of rhino-conjunctivitis was classified according to the Allergic Rhinitis and its Impact on Asthma (ARIA) and asthma severity according to the Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA guideline). The remaining outcome measures were assessed by the patients in questionnaires at baseline and at follow-up. An intension to treat approach was applied. For missing items imputation of sample mean base-line values or follow-up values were used after specified criteria. The effect of SCIT on rhino-conjunctivitis and/or asthma diagnoses was analysed at follow-up using three logistic regression models. The disease severity showed significantly improved disease control. Mean RQLQ-score was reduced from 3.02 at baseline to 2.00 at follow-up. Average annual days with symptoms were reduced from 189 to 145 days whilst annual sick days were reduced from 3.7 to 1.2 days. The 15D-score increased from 0.83 to 0.86 and the EQ-5D-score from 0.70 to 0.77, which indicated an annual gain per patient of 0.03-0.06 QALY. Allergic patients suffering from rhino-conjunctivitis alone or rhino-conjunctivitis and asthma experience significantly increased HRQoL and they gain 0.03-0.06 QALY, when treated with SCIT for one year. The study was registered at with the identifier: NCT01486498.
    World Allergy Organization Journal 09/2013; 6(1):15. DOI:10.1186/1939-4551-6-15
  • The Journal of allergy and clinical immunology 01/2011; 127(1):46-8, 48.e1-3. DOI:10.1016/j.jaci.2010.10.014 · 11.48 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Allergen subcutaneous immunotherapy is a long lasting treatment which can modify the natural history of allergic respiratory diseases. Recommended administration is required for a minimum of three years. During this long term therapy the daily management is based on two crucial points, discussed in this review, such as the prevention and the treatment of side effects and the improvement and follow-up of patient adherence. This review specifically focuses on subcutaneous immunotherapy.
    European annals of allergy and clinical immunology 10/2011; 43(5):135-40.
Show more