Article

Indications of proton-dominated cosmic-ray composition above 1.6 EeV.

Department of Physics, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA.
Physical Review Letters (Impact Factor: 7.73). 04/2010; 104(16):161101. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.104.161101
Source: arXiv

ABSTRACT We report studies of ultrahigh-energy cosmic-ray composition via analysis of depth of air shower maximum (X(max)), for air shower events collected by the High-Resolution Fly's Eye (HiRes) observatory. The HiRes data are consistent with a constant elongation rate d<X(max)>/d[log(E)] of 47.9+/-6.0(stat)+/-3.2(syst) g/cm2/decade for energies between 1.6 and 63 EeV, and are consistent with a predominantly protonic composition of cosmic rays when interpreted via the QGSJET01 and QGSJET-II high-energy hadronic interaction models. These measurements constrain models in which the galactic-to-extragalactic transition is the cause of the energy spectrum ankle at 4x10(18) eV.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
142 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We present a measurement of the energy spectrum of ultra-high-energy cosmic rays performed by the Telescope Array experiment using monocular observations from its two new FADC-based fluorescence detectors. After a short description of the experiment, we describe the data analysis and event reconstruction procedures. Since the aperture of the experiment must be calculated by Monte Carlo simulation, we describe this calculation and the comparisons of simulated and real data used to verify the validity of the aperture calculation. Finally, we present the energy spectrum calculated from the merged monocular data sets of the two FADC-based detectors, and also the combination of this merged spectrum with an independent, previously published monocular spectrum measurement performed by Telescope Array's third fluorescence detector (Abu-Zayyad {\it et al.}, {Astropart. Phys.} 39 (2012), 109). This combined spectrum corroborates the recently published Telescope Array surface detector spectrum (Abu-Zayyad {\it et al.}, {Astrophys. Journ.} 768 (2013), L1) with independent systematic uncertainties.
    05/2013;
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Ultra-high energy (UHE) photons play an important role as an independent probe of the photo-pion production mechanism by UHE cosmic rays. Their observation, or non-observation, may constrain astrophysical scenarios for the origin of UHECRs and help to understand the nature of the flux suppression observed by several experiments at energies above $10^{19.5}$ eV. Whereas the interaction length of UHE photons above $10^{17}$ eV ranges from a few hundred kpc up to tenths of Mpc, photons can interact with the extragalactic background radiation initiating the development of electromagnetic cascades which affect the fluxes of photons observed at Earth. The interpretation of the current experimental results rely on the simulations of the UHE photon propagation. In this paper, we present the novel Monte Carlo code EleCa to simulate the $Ele$ctromagnetic $Ca$scading initiated by high-energy photons and electrons. We provide an estimation of the surviving probability for photons inducing electromagnetic cascades as a function of their distance from the observer and we calculate the distances within which we expect to observe UHE photons with energy between $10^{17}$ and $10^{19}$ eV. Furthermore, the flux of GZK photons at Earth is investigated in several astrophysical scenarios where we vary both injection spectrum and composition at the source and the intensity of the intervening extragalactic magnetic field. Although the photon propagation depends on several astrophysical factors, our numerical predictions combined with future experimental observations (or non-observations) of UHE photons -- in the energy range between $10^{17.5}$ eV and $10^{20}$ eV -- can help to constrain these scenarios.
    Astroparticle Physics. 11/2013;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We review the possible mechanisms for the generation of cosmological magnetic fields, discuss their evolution in an expanding Universe filled with the cosmic plasma and provide a critical review of the literature on the subject. We put special emphasis on the prospects for observational tests of the proposed cosmological magnetogenesis scenarios using radio and gamma-ray astronomy and ultra high energy cosmic rays. We argue that primordial magnetic fields are observationally testable. They lead to magnetic fields in the intergalactic medium with magnetic field strength and correlation length in a well defined range. We also state the unsolved questions in this fascinating open problem of cosmology and propose future observations to address them.
    Astronomy and Astrophysics Review 03/2013; 21(1). · 9.50 Impact Factor

Full-text (4 Sources)

View
38 Downloads
Available from
Jun 5, 2014