Medical management of Alagille syndrome.
ABSTRACT Alagille syndrome is a highly variable, autosomal dominant disorder that affects the liver, heart, eyes, face, skeleton, kidneys, and vascular system. Much has been learned about the genetics of this disorder, which is caused primarily by mutations in the Notch signaling pathway ligand JAGGED1; however, the medical management of this condition is complex and continues to generate controversy. The significant variability of organ involvement requires the managing physician to have an understanding of the breadth and interplay of the variable manifestations. Furthermore, the liver disease in particular requires an appreciation of the natural history and evolution of the profound cholestasis.
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ABSTRACT: This study was carried out in Chang Gung Memorial Hospital-Kaohsiung Medical Center, Taiwan, with the aim of reviewing the characteristics and the outcome of liver transplantation (LT) in children with Alagille syndrome (AGS). We performed a retrospective analysis of transplant records of children diagnosed with AGS and undergoing LT between 1987 and 2010. Nine patients underwent living donor LT. Cholestasis and characteristic facies were seen in all patients. Posterior embryotoxon was seen in 4/9 (44.4%), butterfly vertebrae in 3/9 (33.3%), heart defect (pulmonary stenosis in 2) in 3/9 (33.3%), and renal disease in 2/9 (22.2%) patients. Five cases had cholestasis prior to the age of 60 days, whereas four cases had cholestasis after 60 days of age. Iminodiacetic acid scans showed no excretion of isotope into the bowel in four cases and suggested a false diagnosis of biliary atresia. All patients underwent diagnostic laparotomy and liver biopsy. Results of liver biopsy showed characteristic features of paucity of interlobular bile ducts in all patients. Kasai portoenterostomy was not performed in any patient prior to being referred for LT. The mean age at the time of LT was 4.6 years. The 5-year overall survival rate after living donor LT was 88.9%. Our conclusion is that the clinical features of AGS are informative. In addition, histological confirmation is important in the diagnosis. AGS children with severe liver disease had good prognoses with LT.Pediatrics & Neonatology 10/2013; · 0.88 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Alagille syndrome is a multisystem disorder with an autosomic dominant pattern of inheritance that affects the liver, heart, eyes, kidneys, skeletal system and presents characteristic facial features. Mutations of the JAG1 gene have been identified in 20–89% of the patients with Alagille syndrome, this gene encodes for a ligand that activates the Notch signaling pathway. In the present study we analyzed 9 Mexican patients with Alagille syndrome who presented the clinical criteria for the classical presentation of the disease. By using the denaturing high performance liquid chromatography mutation analysis we were able to identify different mutations in 7 of the patients (77.77%), importantly, we found 5 novel mutations in JAG1 gene. The allelic frequency distribution of 13 polymorphisms in Mexican population is also reported. The overall results demonstrated an expanding mutational spectrum of JAG1 gene in the Mexican population.Meta Gene. 12/2014; 2.
- Hepatology 04/2014; · 11.19 Impact Factor