Surgical margin status after robot assisted radical cystectomy: results from the International Robotic Cystectomy Consortium.
ABSTRACT Positive surgical margins at radical cystectomy confer a poor prognosis. We evaluated the incidence and predictors of positive surgical margins in patients who underwent robot assisted radical cystectomy for bladder cancer.
Using the International Robotic Cystectomy Consortium database we identified 513 patients who underwent robot assisted radical cystectomy, as done by a total of 22 surgeons at 15 institutions from 2003 to 2009. After stratification by age group, gender, pathological T stage, nodal status, sequential case number and institutional volume logistic regression was used to correlate variables with the likelihood of a positive surgical margin.
Of the 513 patients 35 (6.8%) had a positive surgical margin. Increasing 10-year age group, lymph node positivity and higher pathological T stage were significantly associated with an increased likelihood of a positive margin (p = 0.010, <0.001 and p <0.001, respectively). Gender, sequential case number and institutional volume were not significantly associated with margin positivity. The rate of margin positive disease at cystectomy was 1.5% for pT2 or less, 8.8% for pT3 and 39% for pT4 disease.
Positive surgical margin rates at robot assisted radical cystectomy for advanced bladder cancer were similar to those in open cystectomy series in a large, multi-institutional, prospective cohort. Sequential case number, a surrogate for the learning curve and institutional volume were not significantly associated with positive margins at robot assisted radical cystectomy.
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ABSTRACT: The rise of robotic surgery is transforming medicine. In many ways, urology has taken charge in pioneering a new era of minimally invasive surgery with the emergence of the robot. The unprecedented dissecting precision and the dynamic three-dimensional, high definition view of the surgical field are undoubtedly revolutionizing the field of urology. These unique attributes of robotic surgery confer enormous advantages in dealing with uro-oncological surgery. The robotic revolution began nearly a decade ago with surgeon-controlled robotic radical prostatectomy and has since expanded to include radical cystectomies and partial nephrectomies. There have been numerous landmark studies published showing that robotic surgery provides comparable oncological and functional outcomes against traditional open or laparoscopic surgery. As a result, it becomes exceedingly imperative that urologists and the oncological community remain up-to-date regarding these developments and appreciate the oncological outcomes of surgeon-controlled robotic surgery. This review will assess the impact surgeon-controlled robotic surgery has had in the field of urologic oncology.Indian journal of surgical oncology. 06/2012; 3(2):77-84.
- 02/2012; , ISBN: 978-953-307-941-7
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ABSTRACT: Robot-assisted radical cystectomy (RARC) for bladder cancer is increasingly becoming popular in specialist centres around the world. RARC has the advantage of being minimally invasive and also the dexterity of the instruments allow reconstruction such as ileal conduit urinary diversion or neobladder formation. Starting from the initial series demonstrating the feasibility of RARC and extended pelvic lymph node dissection, we now have mature series demonstrating equal oncological and functional outcomes in the medium term follow-up. In addition, literature suggests decreased hospital stay, less blood loss equating to less blood transfusion and a trend towards decreased complications as well. In the near future we would anticipate further refinement and reduced operating times with increased benefits for the patient undergoing RARC.Indian journal of surgical oncology. 06/2012; 3(2):85-90.