Beta-carboline alkaloids from the stems of Picrasma quassioides.
ABSTRACT Five new beta-carboline alkaloids, 6,12-dimethoxy-3-(2-hydroxylethyl)-beta-carboline (1), 3,10-dihydroxy-beta-carboline (2), 6,12-dimethoxy-3-(1-hydroxylethyl)-beta-carboline (3), 6,12-dimethoxy-3-(1,2-dihydroxylethyl)-beta-carboline (4), and 6-methoxy-3-(2-hydroxyl-1-ethoxylethyl)-beta-carboline (5), and two new natural products, 6-methoxy-12-hydroxy-3-methoxycarbonyl-beta-carboline (6) and 3-hydroxy-beta-carboline (7) were isolated from the stems of Picrasma quassioides along with 16 known beta-carboline alkaloids (8-23). The structures of new compounds were determined by extensive spectroscopic analyses, and the 1D and 2D NMR data of compounds 6, 7 and 10 were reported for the first time. The bioassays showed that only compounds 14 and 16 could enhance the differentiation of 3T3-L1 preadiocytes accompanied by secretion of adiponectin proteins among these 23 compounds.
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ABSTRACT: A new alkaloid, 2-(furan-2-yl)-6-(2S,3S,4-trihydroxybutyl)pyrazine (1), along with 12 known compounds, 2-(furan-2-yl)-5-(2S,3S,4-trihydroxybutyl)pyrazine (2), (S)-4-isobutyl-3-oxo-3,4-dihydro-1H-pyrrolo[2,1-c][1,4]oxazine-6-carbaldehyde (3), (S)-4-isopropyl-3-oxo-3,4-dihydro-1H-pyrrolo[2,1-c][1,4]oxazine-6-carbaldehyde (4), (4S)-4-(2-methylbutyl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydro-1H-pyrrolo[2,1-c][1,4]oxazine-6-carbaldehyde (5), (S)-4-benzyl-3-oxo-3,4-dihydro-1H-pyrrolo[2,1-c][1,4]oxazine-6-carbaldehyde (6), flazin (7), perlolyrine (8), 1-hydroxy-β-carboline (9), lumichrome (10), 1H-indole-3-carboxaldehyde (11), 2-hydroxy-1-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethanone (12), and 5-(methoxymethyl)-1H-pyrrole-2-carbaldehyde (13), were isolated and identified from the fermentation broth of an endophytic actinomycetes, Jishengella endophytica 161111. The new structure 1 and the absolute configurations of 2-6 were determined by spectroscopic methods, J-based configuration analysis (JBCA) method, lactone sector rule, and electronic circular dichroism (ECD) calculations. Compounds 8-11 were active against the influenza A virus subtype H1N1 with IC50 and selectivity index (SI) values of 38.3(±1.2)/25.0(±3.6)/ 39.7(±5.6)/45.9(±2.1) μg/mL and 3.0/16.1/3.1/11.4, respectively. The IC50 and SI values of positive control, ribavirin, were 23.1(±1.7) μg/mL and 32.2, respectively. The results showed that compound 9 could be a promising new hit for anti-H1N1 drugs. The absolute configurations of 2-5, 13C nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) data and the specific rotations of 3-6 were also reported here for the first time.Marine Drugs 01/2014; 12(1):477-90. · 3.51 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The present study was to evaluate the protective activity of the Picrasma quassioides (PQ) whole plant aqueous extract using three methods. With Aspirin-pylorus ligation induced method PQ extract produced 64.63% ulcer inhibition at 400mg/kg body weight to that of standard (ranitidine, 50mg/kg) which produced 68.52% inhibition. In HCl-ethanol induced ulcer model 400mg/kg body weight of PQ produced 72.24% ulcer inhibition to that of standard (sucralfate, 100mg/kg) which produced 75.01% inhibition. In water immersion-stress induced ulcer model 400mg/kg body weight of PQ produced 84.11% ulcer inhibition compared to that of standard (omeprazole, 20mg/kg) which produced 82.17% ulcer inhibition. PQ showed a significant percentage of ulcer inhibition in the three models tested.VRI Phytomedicine. 07/2013; 1(1):27-33.
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ABSTRACT: A simple and sensitive method was developed and validated for profiling and simultaneous quantitation of seven alkaloids (6-hydroxy-β-carboline-1-carboxylic acid, β-carboline-1-carboxylic acid, β-carboline-1-propanoic acid, 3-methylcanthin-5,6-dione, 5-hydroxy-4-methoxycanthin-6-one, 1-methoxycarbony-β-carboline, and 4,5-dimethoxycanthin-6-one) in Picrasma quassioide grown in different locations by high-performance liquid chromatography with photodiode array detection. The analysis was conducted on a Phenomenex Gemini C(18) column at 35°C with mobile phase of 25 mM aqueous ammonium acetate (pH 4.0, adjusted by glacial acetate acid) and acetonitrile. A common fingerprint chromatograph under 254 nm consisting of 27 peaks was constructed for the evaluation of the similarities among 31 P. quassioide samples. Samples from Guangdong and Guangxi Provinces were found to be within group linkage and showed significant difference from that of Jiangxi Province origin by using principal component analysis and hierarchical clustering analysis. In addition, the seven alkaloids were identified by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry and comparing with reference standards and literature data. All of them were determined simultaneously using the established HPLC method. This rapid and effective analytical method could be employed for quality assessment of P. quassioide, as well as pharmaceutical products containing this herbal material.Journal of Separation Science 08/2012; 35(17):2193-202. · 2.59 Impact Factor