HDAC3 selectively represses CREB3-mediated transcription and migration of metastatic breast cancer cells.
ABSTRACT We identified CREB3 as a novel HDAC3-interacting protein in a yeast two-hybrid screen for HDAC3-interacting proteins. Among all class I HDACs, CREB3 specifically interacts with HDAC3, in vitro and in vivo. HDAC3 efficiently inhibited CREB3-enhanced NF-κB activation, whereas the other class I HDACs did not alter NF-κB-dependent promoter activities or the expression of NF-κB target genes. Importantly, both knock-down of CREB3 and overexpression of HDAC3 suppressed the transcriptional activation of the novel CREB3-regulated gene, CXCR4. Furthermore, CREB3 was shown to bind to the CRE element in the CXCR4 promoter and to activate the transcription of the CXCR4 gene by causing dissociation of HDAC3 and subsequently increasing histone acetylation. Importantly, both the depletion of HDAC3 and the overexpression of CREB3 substantially increased the migration of MDA-MB-231 metastatic breast cancer cells. Taken together, these findings suggest that HDAC3 selectively represses CREB3-mediated transcriptional activation and chemotactic signalling in human metastatic breast cancer cells.
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ABSTRACT: Human Luman/CREB3 is a basic leucine zipper transcription factor involved in regulation of the unfolded protein response, dendritic cell maturation, and cell migration. But despite reported expression in primary sensory neurons, little is known about its role in the nervous system. To begin investigations into its role in the adult rat nervous system, the rat Luman/CREB3 coding sequence was isolated so its expression within the nervous system could be determined. The rat Luman/CREB3 clone contains a full-length open reading frame encoding 387 amino acids. The recombinant protein generated from this clone activated transcription in a manner equivalent to human Luman/CREB3 from a CAT reporter plasmid construct containing the unfolded protein response element. Quantitative RT-PCR revealed that rat Luman/CREB3 transcripts in a variety of rat tissues with the highest levels in nervous system tissue. In situ hybridization performed on tissue sections confirmed the findings and demonstrated that the Luman/CREB3 mRNA hybridization signal localizes to neurons and satellite glial cells in dorsal root ganglia, the cytoplasm of hepatocytes in liver, and the hippocampal pyramidal cell layers of CA1 and CA3 and the granular cell layer of the dentate gyrus. Collectively, these findings support a role for Luman/CREB3 in the regulation of nervous system function.Journal of Molecular Neuroscience 06/2014; · 2.76 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Breast cancer, the second leading cause of cancer death in women, is a highly heterogeneous disease, characterized by distinct genomic and transcriptomic profiles. Transcriptome analyses prevalently assessed protein-coding genes; however, the majority of the mammalian genome is expressed in numerous non-coding transcripts. Emerging evidence supports that many of these non-coding RNAs are specifically expressed during development, tumorigenesis, and metastasis. The focus of this study was to investigate the expression features and molecular characteristics of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) in breast cancer. We investigated 26 breast tumor and 5 normal tissue samples utilizing a custom expression microarray enclosing probes for mRNAs as well as novel and previously identified lncRNAs. We identified more than 19,000 unique regions significantly differentially expressed between normal versus breast tumor tissue, half of these regions were non-coding without any evidence for functional open reading frames or sequence similarity to known proteins. The identified non-coding regions were primarily located in introns (53%) or in the intergenic space (33%), frequently orientated in antisense-direction of protein-coding genes (14%), and commonly distributed at promoter-, transcription factor binding-, or enhancer-sites. Analyzing the most diverse mRNA breast cancer subtypes Basal-like versus Luminal A and B resulted in 3,025 significantly differentially expressed unique loci, including 682 (23%) for non-coding transcripts. A notable number of differentially expressed protein-coding genes displayed non-synonymous expression changes compared to their nearest differentially expressed lncRNA, including an antisense lncRNA strongly anticorrelated to the mRNA coding for histone deacetylase 3 (HDAC3), which was investigated in more detail. Previously identified chromatin-associated lncRNAs (CARs) were predominantly downregulated in breast tumor samples, including CARs located in the protein-coding genes for CALD1, FTX, and HNRNPH1. In conclusion, a number of differentially expressed lncRNAs have been identified with relation to cancer-related protein-coding genes.PLoS ONE 09/2014; 9(9):e106076. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Histone modification has been known to be associated with multidrug-resistance phenotype. Cancer cell lines that are resistant or have been made resistant to anti-cancer drugs showed lower expression level of histone deacetylase-3 (HDAC3), among HDAC(s), than cancer cell lines that were sensitive to anti-cancer drugs. Celastrol and taxol decreased the expression of HDAC3 in cancer cell lines sensitive to anti-cancer drugs. HDAC3 negatively regulated the invasion, migration and anchorage-independent growth of cancer cells. HDAC3 conferred sensitivity to anti-cancer drugs in vitro and in vivo. TargetScan analysis predicted miR-326 as a negative regulator of HDAC3. ChIP assays and luciferase assays showed a negative feedback loop between HDAC3 and miR-326. miR-326 decreased the apoptotic effect of anti-cancer drugs while miR-326 inhibitor increased the apoptotic effect of anti-cancer drugs. miR-326 enhanced the invasion and migration potential of cancer cells. miR-326 inhibitor negatively regulated the tumorigenic, metastatic and angiogenic potential of anti-cancer drug-resistant cancer cells. HDAC3 showed positive feedback loop with miRNAs such as miR-200b, miR-217 and miR-335. miR-200b, miR-217 and miR-335 negatively regulated the expression of miR-326 and the invasion and migration potential of cancer cells while enhancing the apoptotic effect of anti-cancer drugs. TargetScan analysis predicted miR-200b and miR-217 as negative regulators of CAGE, a cancer/testis antigen, which is known to regulate the response to anti-cancer drugs. HDAC3 and miR-326 acted upstream of CAGE. Thus, we show that miR-326-HDAC3 feedback loop can be employed as a target for the development of anti-cancer therapeutics.Journal of Biological Chemistry 08/2014; 289(40). · 4.60 Impact Factor