Isometric Quadriceps Strength in Women with Mild, Moderate, and Severe Knee Osteoarthritis
ABSTRACT Quadriceps weakness is a common clinical sign in persons with moderate-to-severe osteoarthritis and results in physical disability; however, minimal data exist to establish whether quadriceps weakness is present in early stages of the disease. Therefore, our purpose was to determine whether quadriceps weakness was present in persons with early radiographic and cartilaginous evidence of osteoarthritis. Further, we sought to determine whether quadriceps strength decreases as osteoarthritis severity increases.
Three hundred forty-eight women completed radiologic and magnetic resonance imaging evaluation, in addition to strength testing. Anterior-posterior radiographs were graded for tibiofemoral osteoarthritis severity using the Kellgren-Lawrence scale. Scans from magnetic resonance imaging were used to assess medial tibiofemoral and patellar cartilage based on a modification of the Noyes scale. The peak knee extension torque recorded was used to represent strength.
Quadriceps strength (Nm/kg) was 22% greater in women without radiographic osteoarthritis than in women with osteoarthritis (P < 0.05). Quadriceps strength was also greater in women with Noyes' medial tibial and femoral cartilage scores of 0 when compared in women with Noyes' grades 2 and 3-5 (P < or = 0.05).
Women with early evidence of osteoarthritis had less quadriceps strength than women without osteoarthritis as defined by imaging.
Full-textDOI: · Available from: Riann M Palmieri-Smith, Jun 20, 2014
SourceAvailable from: PubMed Central[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears are a common injury, particularly in the athletic and youth populations. The known association between ACL injury and subsequent osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee merits a more in-depth understanding of the relationship between the ACL-injured knee and osteoarthritis. ACL injury, especially with concomitant meniscal or other ligamentous pathology, predisposes the knee to an increased risk of osteoarthritis. ACL insufficiency results in deterioration of the normal physiologic knee bending culminating in increased anterior tibial translation and increased internal tibial rotation. This leads to increased mean contact stresses in the posterior medial and lateral compartments under anterior and rotational loading. However, surgical reconstruction of the ACL has not been shown to reduce the risk of future OA development back to baseline and has variability based on operative factors of graft choice, timing of surgery, presence of meniscal and chondral abnormalities, and surgical technique. Known strategies to prevent OA development are applicable to patients with ACL deficiency or after ACL reconstruction and include weight management, avoidance of excessive musculoskeletal loading, and strength training. Reconstruction of the ACL does not necessarily prevent osteoarthritis in many of these patients and may depend on several external variables.01/2015; 2015:928301. DOI:10.1155/2015/928301
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We investigated body composition in knee osteoarthritis (OA) patients and evaluated its relationship with clinical parameters and radiographic severity. Sixty-four patients with knee OA (52 females and 12 males with a mean age of 57.7 ± 8.6 years) and thirty healthy volunteers (20 females and 10 males with a mean age of 56.3 ± 9.5 years) were evaluated. Controls were selected among similar to demographic and hematologic characteristics of patients. Body compositions were assessed via bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA). Each patient was clinically evaluated by the Western Ontario and McMaster University Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC). In addition, radiographic severity was classified according to Kellgren-Lawrence's criteria. Phase angle, body capacitance, resistance, reactance, lean body mass, and intracellular water values of the patients with knee OA were found to be significantly lower than those of the controls (p < 0.05). Furthermore, fat mass and extracellular water levels were significantly higher in the patients compared to the controls (p < 0.05). Lean body mass was inversely correlated with WOMAC score (r = -0.716, p < 0.001), whereas fat mass was moderately correlated with WOMAC score (r = 0.281, p < 0.05) in bivariate analysis. However, with respect to the body composition, there was no significant difference between early grades and late grades in the knee OA with patients (p > 0.05). Body composition assessed using BIA might be associated with knee OA, and be a noninvasive tool for diagnosis of knee OA. However, body composition may not be predictive of the progression of knee OA.Aging - Clinical and Experimental Research 02/2015; DOI:10.1007/s40520-015-0325-4 · 1.01 Impact Factor
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Objectives. Our aim was to determine the risk of diabetes among osteoarthritis (OA) cases in a prospective longitudinal study. Methods. Administrative health records of 577,601 randomly selected individuals from British Columbia, Canada, from 1991 to 2009, were analyzed. OA and diabetes cases were identified by checking physician's visits and hospital records. From 1991 to 1996 we documented 19,143 existing OA cases and selected one non-OA individual matched by age, sex, and year of administrative records. Poisson regression and Cox proportional hazards models were fitted to estimate the effects after adjusting for available sociodemographic and medical factors. Results. At baseline, the mean age of OA cases was 61 years and 60.5% were women. Over 12 years of mean follow-up, the incidence rate (95% CI) of diabetes was 11.2 (10.90-11.50) per 1000 person years. Adjusted RRs (95% CI) for diabetes were 1.27 (1.15-1.41), 1.21 (1.08-1.35), 1.16 (1.04-1.28), and 0.99 (0.86-1.14) for younger women (age 20-64 years), older women (age ≥ 65 years), younger men, and older men, respectively. Conclusion. Younger adults and older women with OA have increased risks of developing diabetes compared to their age-sex matched non-OA counterparts. Further studies are needed to confirm these results and to elucidate the potential mechanisms.International Journal of Rheumatology 11/2014; 2014:620920. DOI:10.1155/2014/620920