Association between tendency towards depression and severity of rheumatoid arthritis from a national representative sample: the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey
School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, Tulane University, New Orleans, USA. Current Medical Research and Opinion
(Impact Factor: 2.65).
07/2010; 26(7):1685-90. DOI: 10.1185/03007991003795808
The association between RA and depression has been well documented but so far there is not much research at a national level and none using a quick classification system of RA. The purpose of this study is to further determine if this association varies by differing severity in functional status of RA patients.
This study involved a retrospective pooled cross-sectional analysis of the Household Component of Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS) for the years 2004-2006. Each year's medical conditions file was merged with the person-level consolidated file. A total of 289 individuals comprised the final adult sample of RA and related diseases. RA cases were classified into four classes of functional status according to the ACR classification criteria. Tendency towards depression was ascertained by Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-2) scores with scores greater than or equal to three classified as high tendency towards depression. Multivariate logistic regression with survey weights was done using SAS 9.1.
After controlling for other relevant factors, patients belonging to Class III RA were 5.92 times more likely and those belonging to Class II RA were 3.78 times more likely to have high tendency towards depression as compared to Class I RA patients. Older age groups (>or=68 years) and physical activity were other significant predictors but in a negative direction, whereas a co-morbidity index of two showed a significant positive association.
The study provides important evidence that in a nationally representative sample of US non-institutionalized civilians, there is a strong association of depression to RA and related diseases by functional severity. However, the findings should be interpreted with caution because the data does not offer any information on duration in relation to PHQ-2 scores, thus making it hard to deduce if tendency towards depression was present before the diagnosis of RA. Furthermore, disease-specific and data-specific validation of the Charlson comorbidity index has not been done which leaves the possibility of residual confounding.
Available from: Martin Rodriguez
Journal of clinical rheumatology: practical reports on rheumatic & musculoskeletal diseases 06/2011; 17(4):218-9. DOI:10.1097/RHU.0b013e31821c7af3 · 1.08 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: There has been much speculation on the importance of emotional factors in patients with immune-mediated inflammatory disease (IMID); it is only in the past 10 years that well designed, large-cohort studies have been able to clarify this relationship. This article provides an overview of evidence on the occurrence of depression and anxiety in IMID, and the role of these comorbidities as risk factors for onset of IMID, as well as the degree to which they affect the course of disease and treatment outcomes.
Journal of Rheumatology Supplement 11/2011; 88:31-5. DOI:10.3899/jrheum.110900
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ABSTRACT: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disease characterised by joint swelling, joint tenderness and joint destruction, leading to severe disability and premature mortality. RA is considered an autoimmune disease, however, lifestyle factors also influence the clinical manifestation of the disease. The ACR (American College of Rheumatology)-classification criteria have a significant limitation in discriminating patients suffering of early RA. To be able to treat these patients as soon as possible, the new ACR/EULAR-(European League Against Rheumatism-) classification criteria were developed. Despite medical treatment RA-patients often have deficits in body structure and function, activities, and participation. The international classification of functioning, disability and health (ICF) comprehensive core set for rheumatoid arthritis helps to assess patients' daily functioning and to plan a complex rehabilitation performed by a multidisciplinary team. Non-pharmacologic therapeutic options include exercise, occupational therapy, different physical modalities, psychologic care, and special diets. Such a rehabilitation program has to be individualised to optimise the effect and to conserve the patient's function and independence as long as possible.
Physikalische Medizin Rehabilitationsmedizin Kurortmedizin 12/2011; 21(6):297-308. DOI:10.1055/s-0031-1276996 · 0.33 Impact Factor
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