Moving beyond health to flourishing: the effects of yoga teacher training.

Osher Research Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.
The Scientific World Journal (Impact Factor: 1.22). 01/2010; 10:788-95. DOI: 10.1100/tsw.2010.87
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Research in the medical and psychological fields has primarily followed a "disease-focused" approach to health. Although there is growing research on the components and outcomes of well-being, very few studies have focused on traditional practices that can be used as interventions to encourage human flourishing. The current study was developed to address this research gap. We suggest one effective method of increasing psychological well-being, the practice of yoga, an age-old practice that has been said to produce physical and psychological health. In this observational study, we examined associations with participation in a 4-week yoga teacher training resident program. Measurement instruments were chosen to capture changes in psychosocial health and human flourishing. Measurements were taken before the start of the program, immediately after the program, and 3 months postprogram. As expected, in this healthy population, the human flourishing scales showed more change than the psychosocial health scales. For example, in this healthy sample, there were no significant changes in perceived social support, quality of life, or self-efficacy from baseline to the 3-month follow-up. However, optimism, a positive psychology research measure, improved from baseline to follow-up. The mindfulness subscales of observation, awareness, and nonreactivity all improved following the training, suggesting that one benefit of yoga practice is a more refined ability to attend to one's inner experience. This study adds to the growing literature focusing on interventions that move beyond relieving pathology to those that produce optimal functioning and human thriving.

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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The Flourishing Scale (FS) of Ed Diener et al. was translated into German, tested, and validated for the first time in a German-speaking population, as part of an interventional study. METHODS: The FS is a short 8-item questionnaire. Items were constructed from various areas that describe subjective psychological wellbeing. RESULTS: The German version of FS (FS-D) proved to be a stable, reliable, and valid measuring tool for psychological flourishing in patients of a mind-body medical outpatient clinic. Basic parameters of the original scale could be verified. CONCLUSION: Additionally, relations between flourishing, mindfulness, sense of coherence, and health-related quality of life (as well as mind-body medicine) are demonstrated.
    Forschende Komplementärmedizin / Research in Complementary Medicine 09/2013; 20(4):267-275. · 1.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: 2012): Effects of a yoga-based intervention for young adults on quality of life and perceived stress: The potential mediating roles of mindfulness and self-compassion, The Journal of Positive Psychology: Dedicated to furthering research and promoting good practice, 7:3, 165-175 This article may be used for research, teaching, and private study purposes. Any substantial or systematic reproduction, redistribution, reselling, loan, sub-licensing, systematic supply, or distribution in any form to anyone is expressly forbidden. The publisher does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents will be complete or accurate or up to date. The accuracy of any instructions, formulae, and drug doses should be independently verified with primary sources. The publisher shall not be liable for any loss, actions, claims, proceedings, demand, or costs or damages whatsoever or howsoever caused arising directly or indirectly in connection with or arising out of the use of this material.
    The Journal of Positive Psychology 01/2013; 7(3):165-175. · 1.67 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hintergrund: Die Flourishing Scale (FS) von Ed Diener et al. wurde im Rahmen einer Interventionsstudie ins Deutsche übersetzt und erstmals im deutschsprachigen Raum getestet und validiert. Methoden: Die FS ist ein kurzes 8-Item-Messinstrument. Die Items wurden aus verschiedenen Bereichen, die ein subjektives psychologisches Wohlbefinden beschreiben, zusammengesetzt. Ergebnisse: Die deutsche Version der Flourishing Scale (FS-D) erwies sich als stabiles, reliables und valides Messinstrument für das psychologische «Aufblühen» (Flourishing) bei Patienten einer Mind-Body-medizinischen Tagesklinik. Wesentliche Parameter des Original-Fragebogens konnten verifiziert werden. Schlussfolgerung: Zusätzlich werden Zusammenhänge zwischen Flourishing, Achtsamkeit, Kohärenzgefühl und gesundheitsbezogener Lebensqualität (sowie Mind-Body-Medizin) dargestellt. © 2013 S. Karger GmbH, Freiburg.
    Forschende Komplementärmedizin / Research in Complementary Medicine 01/2013; 20(4):267-75. · 1.65 Impact Factor

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